Revise Your English
Hello Dear Friends
You Must Be Thinking That How can we revise our English Syllabus on our Site. I got this idea of helping the students and spent 2-3 Days Typing all the Answers and Summary of the MainCourse Book chapters.This is for some kids , who have missed their classes of Did not Make Their Note-Books.In This , I have Given the Summary of The Chapter , Question And Answers And MCQ's from the Examination point of view.
I Hope This Helps you in your Studies.
Regards
Aditya Goel
For Opponent-Crusher (Leader)


English Main Course Reader Chapters.



THE MISSING MAIL

Summary

THE MISSING MAIL' IS A WELL-LOVED SHORT STORY. THE STORY IS SET IN AN IMAGINARY, SMALL INDIAN VILLAGE CALLED MALGUDI. THE MAJOR CHARACTER IN THE STORY IS THANAPPA, THE VILLAGE POSTMAN. THANAPPA WAS MUCH MORE THAN JUST A POSTMAN. HE WENT OUT OF HIS WAY TO INVOLVE HIMSELF IN THE DOMESTIC MATTERS OF THE PEOPLE TO WHOM HE DELIVERED LETTERS. HE WAS CONCERNED AND CARED DEEPLY FOR THE PEOPLE IN THE VILLAGE.
THANAPPA WAS PARTICULARLY INVOLVED IN THE AFFAIRS OF RAMANUJAM AND HIS FAMILY, WHOM HE HAD KNOWN FOR A GENERATION. IT WAS THANAPPA WHO BROUGHT THE NEWS OF THE BIRTH OF RAMANUJAM'S DAUGHTER TO HIM. THANAPPA DELIVERED LETTERS OF PROSPECTIVE BRIDEGROOMS TO RAMANUJAM'S FAMILY. EACH ONE WAS ACCOMPANIED BY THANAPPA'S GOOD HUMOURED REMARKS. NOTHING SEEMED TO WORK FOR KAMAKSHI - THERE WERE THE USUAL PROBLEMS OF MISMATCH OF HOROSCOPES, UNREASONABLE DOWRY DEMANDS AND THE LIKE. KAMAKSHI'S GRANDFATHER HAD ALREADY SET ASIDE FIVE THOUSAND RUPEES FOR THE WEDDING.
FINALLY A WEDDING PROPOSAL ARRIVED FOR KAMAKSHI. THE EXCHANGE OF CORRESPONDENCE BETWEEN THE TWO PARTIES WENT ON AT A VERY FAST PACE. THANAPPA INVOLVED HIMSELF AT EACH STAGE, WHETHER IT WAS FOR MATCHING HOROSCOPES, OR IN DECIDING WHETHER RAMANUJAM SHOULD GO TO MADRAS TO MEET THE GROOM'S PARTY.
THE WEDDING HAD TO TAKE PLACE WITHIN A VERY SHORT PERIOD AS THE BOY HAD TO LEAVE FOR SOME TRAINING - THE MARRIAGE WOULD BE POSSIBLE AGAIN ONLY AFTER THREE YEARS IF IT WAS PUT OFF NOW.
ARRANGEMENTS WERE MADE FOR A GRAND FIVE-THOUSAND-RUPEE WEDDING. THANAPPA WALKED INTO THE WEDDING HALL WITH A BUNDLE OF GREETINGS FOR KAMAKSHI AND HER NEW HUSBAND.
THANAPPA HANDED KAMAKSHI, THE FIRST LETTER FROM HER HUSBAND ABOUT TEN DAYS AFTER THE WEDDING. THIS WAS ACCOMPANIED BY HIS USUAL CHEERFUL CHATTER. A FEW DAYS LATER, MAKING SURE THAT RAMANUJAM WAS AT HOME, THANAPPA KNOCKED ON THE DOOR AND HANDED HIM A POST CARD. RAMANUJAM WAS UPSET TO READ THAT HIS UNCLE WAS CRITICALLY ILL AT SALEM. RAMANUJAM'S PRESENCE THERE WAS MOST ESSENTIAL. THANAPPA SAID HE WAS SORRY ABOUT HIS UNCLE'S ILL HEALTH, AND HESITATINGLY HANDED OVER A TELEGRAM WITH THE NEWS OF THE UNCLE'S DEATH.
THANAPPA ASKED RAMANUJAM TO TAKE A LOOK AT THE DATE ON THE CARD. 'MAY THE NINETEENTH, NEARLY FIFTEEN DAYS AGO!' SAID RAMANUJAM. THANAPPA CONFESSED THAT HE DID NOT DELIVER THE CARD AND THE TELEGRAM THAT FOLLOWED ON MAY TWENTIETH FEARING THAT IT WOULD INTERFERE WITH THE WEDDING. RAMANUJAM WAS ANGRY AND UPSET SAYING HE WOULD NOT HAVE GONE THROUGH THE WEDDING WHEN HIS UNCLE WAS DYING. THANAPPA SPOKE SOFTLY SAYING THAT RAMANUJAM COULD COMPLAIN TO THE AUTHORITIES AND HAVE HIM DISMISSED FOR NOT HAVING DONE HIS DUTY. AFTER A WHILE RAMANUJAM SAID THAT HE DID NOT WANT TO COMPLAIN, AND WAS ONLY SORRY THAT THANAPPA HAD DONE THIS. THANAPPA DISAPPEARED QUIETLY AROUND A BEND SAYING THAT HE UNDERSTOOD RAMANUJAM'S FEELINGS.

THE MISSING MAIL QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS

QUESTION: WHY WAS THANAPPA LIKED BY THE PEOPLE IN THE TOWN?
ANSWER: THANAPPA NOT ONLY DELIVERED LETTERS TO THE HOUSES IN MALGUDI, BUT WAS ALSO A LIVELY PERSON WHO SHOWED A GENUINE CONCERN TOWARDS THE PEOPLE HE DELIVERED LETTERS TO. HE USED TO SIT FOR HOURS WITH THE FAMILIES, ALLOWING HIMSELF TO GET INVOLVED IN THEIR DOMESTIC MATTERS, BEING A PART OF THEIR HAPPINESS AND SORROW, AND USED TO GIVE ADVICES WHENEVER NECESSARY. THIS MADE HIM A LIVELY AND A VERY LIKEABLE PERSON.

QUESTION: WHO WAS KAMAKSHI? WHY WAS THANAPPA SPECIALLY ATTACHED TO HER?
ANSWER: KAMAKSHI WAS RAMANUJAM'S DAUGHTER. THANAPPA HAD DELIVERED TO RAMANUJAM, THE LETTER ANNOUNCING HER BIRTH. THIS MADE THANAPPA THINK OF HER AS HIS OWN DAUGHTER AND WAS SPECIALLY ATTACHED TO HER.

QUESTION: WHY WERE KAMAKSHI'S PARENTS AND THANAPPA WORRIED?
ANSWER: KAMAKSHI'S WEDDING DID NOT SEEM TO COME THROUGH FOR VARIOUS REASONS, THE CHIEF OF THEM BEING A MISMATCH OF HOROSCOPES. THIS CAUSED THE FAMILY AND THANAPPA A LOT OF WORRY.

QUESTION: HOW DID THANAPPA CONTRIBUTE AT RAMANUJAM'S FAMILY MEETINGS?
ANSWER: THANAPPA WOULD FIRST FINISH DELIVERING LETTERS TO ALL HOUSES, AND THEN SETTLE DOWN AT RAMANUJAM'S HOUSE TO TAKE PART IN THE WEDDING ARRANGEMENTS. HE WOULD SETTLE DISPUTES AND ALSO OFFER SUGGESTIONS AND ADVICES.

QUESTION: DO YOU THINK THAT THANAPPA WAS RIGHT IN NOT DELIVERING THE LETTER AND TELEGRAM TO RAMANUJAM IMMEDIATELY?
ANSWER: YES, I THINK THANAPPA DID THE RIGHT THING. KAMAKSHI'S MARRIAGE HAD BEEN SETTLED AFTER A VERY LONG TIME. THE DATE HAD BEEN FIXED FOR MAY TWENTIETH. IF THE WEDDING WAS PUT OFF THEN, IT WOULD NOT COME BY FOR THREE MORE YEARS SINCE THE BRIDEGROOM HAD TO GO FOR SOME TRAINING. ANYTHING COULD HAVE HAPPENED IN THE SPAN OF THREE YEARS. MOREOVER, ALL THE PREPARATIONS FOR THE WEDDING HAD BEEN DONE. IF THE TELEGRAM HAD BEEN DELIVERED ON THAT DAY, THINGS WOULD HAVE BEEN CANCELLED ABRUPTLY LEADING TO A TOTAL WASTE OF MONEY AND MANY RELATED PROBLEMS. CONSIDERING THESE CIRCUMSTANCES, THE POSTMAN WAS RIGHT IN NOT DELIVERING THE LETTER AND THE TELEGRAM ON TIME.
OR
THANAPPA WAS A POSTMAN. IT IS HIS DUTY TO DELIVER LETTERS AS SOON AS THEY ARRIVE. IF HE HAD DELIVERED RAMANUJAM'S LETTER ON TIME, PERHAPS HE WOULD HAVE SEEN THE OLD UNCLE BEFORE HIS DEATH. THE NEED OF THE HOUR WAS TO BE WITH THE SICK MAN. THANAPPA FAILED IN HIS DUTY OF DELIVERING NOT ONE BUT TWO URGENT MESSAGES. I DO NOT THINK THAT THANAPPA WAS RIGHT IN HOLDING BACK THE MESSAGES

QUESTION: IMAGINE YOU ARE THANAPPA. WRITE A LETTER TO THE POSTMASTER EXPLAINING WHY YOU DID NOT DELIVER THE LETTER AND TELEGRAM TO RAMANUJAM ON TIME.
ANSWER:
26.4.95
TO
THE POSTMASTER
MALGUDI POST OFFICE
MALGUDI

RESPECTED SIR,

I WISH TO DRAW YOUR ATTENTION TO AN INCIDENT WHICH OCCURRED TWO WEEKS AGO.
YOU ARE AWARE THAT THE WEDDING OF KAMAKSHI, DAUGHTER OF SRI RAMANUJAM WAS HELD ON MAY TWENTIETH. JUST A DAY BEFORE THE WEDDING ON MAY NINETEENTH, THERE WAS A POST CARD FROM SALEM ASKING RAMANUJAM TO GO IMMEDIATELY AS HIS UNCLE WAS SERIOUSLY ILL. SIR, THE FIRST CONFESSION THAT I HAVE TO MAKE IS THAT ON READING THE NEWS, I DID NOT DELIVER THE CARD. ANOTHER TELEGRAM THAT FOLLOWED THE NEXT DAY I.E. ON MAY TWENTIETH INFORMED THAT THE UNCLE HAD PASSED AWAY. SIR, I MUST TELL YOU THAT I DID NOT DELIVER THIS EITHER. THE REASONS FOR THEIR NON-DELIVERY ARE VERY CLEAR. THE WEDDING HAD BEEN FIXED, PREPARATIONS WERE MADE AND THE CEREMONY WAS IN PROGRESS. I COULD NOT BRING MYSELF TO BREAK THIS BY GIVING THEM THE INAUSPICIOUS NEWS. MOREOVER, I FELT THAT THERE WAS LITTLE THAT SRI RAMANUJAM COULD DO ON THE DEATH OF HIS UNCLE. I ADMIT SIR, THAT I FAILED IN MY DUTY, BUT PLEASE CONSIDER THE MATTER CAREFULLY.

THIS MORNING I DELIVERED BOTH THE MESSAGES TO SRI RAMANUJAM. HE WAS NATURALLY UPSET. I HAVE GIVEN HIM MY EXPLANATION AND HAVE ASKED HIM TO COMPLAIN TO YOU.

I KNOW SIR, THAT I HAVE ERRED GRIEVOUSLY IN MY DUTY. BUT PLEASE UNDERSTAND THE HUMANITARIAN CONSIDERATIONS BEHIND THIS. I ASSURE YOU THAT I ACTED CAREFULLY ON THESE LINES ONLY. I FELT THAT I MUST CONFESS TO YOU THE BREACH IN PERFORMING MY DUTIES. PLEASE TAKE THE ACTION THAT YOU CONSIDER IS RIGHT.

THANKING YOU,

YOURS FAITHFULLY,
THANAPPA

QUESTION: IMAGINE YOU ARE THE HEAD POSTMASTER. YOU HAVE CALLED YOUR COLLEAGUES FOR A MEETING TO COMMEND THANAPPA. WRITE OUT THE SPEECH.
ANSWER:
DEAR COLLEAGUES,

WE ARE GATHERED HERE FOR A VERY SPECIAL PURPOSE. WE ARE ALL AWARE OF THE CONCERN THAT THANAPPA HAS FOR THE PEOPLE OF MALGUDI. HE HAS TIME AND AGAIN GONE BEYOND THE CALL OF DUTY.

THANAPPA SENT ME A LETTER CONFESSING TWO 'FAULTS' OF NOT DELIVERING A LETTER AND A TELEGRAM GIVING NEWS OF THE ILLNESS AND DEATH OF AN ELDERLY GENTLEMAN TO A CLOSE RELATIVE. IT HAPPENED ON THE DAY THE RELATIVE'S DAUGHTER WAS GETTING MARRIED. HE ASKED ME IF HE WAS WRONG. AFTER CAREFUL CONSIDERATION, I MUST SAY THAT I RESPECT WHAT HE DID. I AM PROUD THAT MR. THANAPPA DOES NOT VIEW HIS JOB AS JUST DELIVERY OF LETTERS. HIS GENUINE CARE AND CONSIDERATION FOR PEOPLE IS WHAT IS REVEALED IN THIS ACT.

LOOK AT IT THIS WAY. THE WHOLE FUTURE OF A YOUNG GIRL WAS AT STAKE THAT DAY AND IT WAS IN THANAPPA'S HANDS. IT WAS INDEED A VERY HARD DECISION TO TAKE. THANAPPA MADE THE RIGHT CHOICE. I CONGRATULATE THANAPPA FOR HIS HUMANISTIC APPROACH IN PERFORMING HIS DUTIES. I HOPE THAT ALL OF US WILL REMEMBER THAT PEOPLE ARE THE ONES WHO MATTER MOST IN OUR LIVES AND WORK TOWARDS THIS GOAL.

THANK YOU.

QUESTION: HOW DID THANAPPA AND KAMAKSHI'S MOTHER DIFFER IN RAMANUJAM'S FAMILY COUNCIL REGARDING THE NEGOTIATIONS? WHAT WAS FINALLY DECIDED?
ANSWER: KAMAKSHI'S MOTHER DID NOT APPROVE OF KAMAKSHI BEING TAKEN TO MADRAS FOR APPROVAL BY THE BOY'S FAMILY. SHE THOUGHT THAT THEY WOULD BE LAUGHED AT BECAUSE SUCH A THING HAD NEVER OCCURRED BEFORE IN THEIR SOCIETY OR NEIGHBORHOOD. SHE FEARED THAT IT WOULD LOWER THEIR STATUS IN SOCIETY.THANAPPA, HOWEVER, DISAGREED, AND TOLD HER TO GIVE UP SUCH OLD-FASHIONED IDEAS. HE SAID THAT THEY HAD TO LOOK AT THE URGENCY OF THE SITUATION AND IF THEY DID NOT DO SO, THEY WOULD MISS A GREAT OPPORTUNITY. THE BOY'S FAMILY MIGHT GET ANOTHER OFFER AND THAT WOULD BE A GREAT LOSS. FINALLY, RAMANUJAM TOOK KAMAKSHI TO MADRAS, FOLLOWING THANAPPA'S ADVICE.

QUESTION: GIVE THREE REASONS THAT DELAYED KAMAKSHI'S MARRIAGE BEING SETTLED.
ANSWER: RAMANUJAM HAD MADE HIS BEST EFFORTS TO NEGOTIATE FOR HIS DAUGHTER'S MARRIAGE BUT THESE DID NOT BEAR FRUIT. THE REASONS WERE
AT SOME PLACES THE HOROSCOPES DID NOT AGREE.
SOMETIMES THE BRIDEGROOM'S SIDE DEMANDED TOO MUCH DOWRY.
AT SOME PLACES KAMAKSHI'S APPEARANCE WAS NOT APPROVED.

QUESTION: GIVE 3 REASONS WHY RAMANUJAM LOOKED "HELPLESS AND MISERABLE" DESPITE MAKING EFFORTS FOR HIS DAUGHTER'S MARRIAGE.
ANSWER: RAMANUJAM DID HIS BEST TO NEGOTIATE FOR HIS DAUGHTER'S MARRIAGE. HOWEVER HIS EFFORTS DID NOT BEAR FRUIT. THE REASONS WERE
THE LAST AUSPICIOUS DATE FOR THE SEASON WAS FAST APPROACHING
THE GIRL WOULD BE SEVENTEEN IN A FEW DAYS AND
RAMANUJAM'S FATHER-IN-LAW WAS WRITING MORE FREQUENTLY AND HIS LETTERS WERE GETTING MORE ACCUSING. ALL THESE AFFECTED RAMANUJAM'S MIND AND HE STARTED FEELING "HELPLESS AND MISERABLE" ON THIS ACCOUNT.

THE MISSING MAIL MCQ’S

QUESTION:THE SETTING OF THE STORY IS IN
1. MYSORE
2. BANGALORE
3. MALGUDI
4. MADURAI
ANSWER:3

QUESTION: RAMANUJAM'S DAUGHTER'S NAME WAS
1. LEPAKSHI
2. KAMINI
3. KAMAKSHI
4. LAXMI
ANSWER:3

QUESTION:FOR THE WEDDING RAMANUJAM'S FATHER IN LAW HAD SET ASIDE
1. RS. 10,000
2. RS. 8000
3. RS. 5000
4. RS. 4000
ANSWER:3

QUESTION:TO GET THE BRIDEGROOM'S APPROVAL, KAMAKSHI WAS TAKEN TO
1. MYSORE
2. BANGALORE
3. MADURAI
4. MADRAS
ANSWER:4

QUESTION:THE WEDDING HAD TO TAKE PLACE WITHIN A VERY SHORT PERIOD AS
1. THE BOY WAS GOING AWAY FOR TRAINING
2. THE BOY WOULD MARRY ANOTHER GIRL
3. THE BOY WAS GETTING TOO OLD
4. THE BOY WOULD ASK FOR MORE DOWRY
ANSWER:1

QUESTION: THANAPPA DID NOT DELIVER THE POSTCARD TO RAMANUJAM WHICH SAID THAT
1. HIS UNCLE COULD NOT COME FOR THE MARRIAGE
2. HIS UNCLE WAS CRITICALLY ILL
3. HIS UNCLE HAD ANOTHER MARRIAGE TO ATTEND
4. TICKETS WERE NOT AVAILABLE FOR HIM TO ATTEND THE MARRIAGE
ANSWER:2

QUESTION:THE TELEGRAM THAT THANAPPA HANDED OVER TO RAMANUJAM
1. CONVEYED THE UNCLE'S CONGRATULATIONS ON KAMAKSHI'S MARRIAGE
2. CONVEYED THE NEWS OF HIS UNCLE'S DEATH
3. SAID THAT THE UNCLE WAS COMING TO MALGUDI
4. ASKED RAMANUJAM TO MEET THE UNCLE
ANSWER:2

QUESTION:THANAPPA HAD DELIVERED THE POSTCARD AND TELEGRAM LATE BY
1. SEVEN DAYS
2. TEN DAYS
3. TWELVE DAYS
4. FIFTEEN DAYS
ANSWER:4

QUESTION:THANAPPA DID NOT DELIVER THE POSTCARD AND TELEGRAM BECAUSE
1. HE WAS TOO BUSY WITH THE MARRIAGE ARRANGEMENTS
2. HE WAS LAZY AND HAD MORE IMPORTANT THINGS TO DO
3. HE FEARED IT WOULD INTERFERE WITH THE WEDDING
4. HE FORGET ABOUT IT
ANSWER:3

QUESTION:THE MISSING MAIL IS WRITTEN BY
1. RUSKIN BOND
2. RABINDRANATH TAGORE
3. R.K. NARAYAN
4. R.K. LAKSHMAN
ANSWER:3


THE NECKLACE

SUMMARY

MATHILDE IS THE WIFE OF A POOR HONEST CLERK WHO PROVIDES A FAIRLY DECENT LIVING FOR HIS WIFE. INSPITE OF HIS SMALL PAY CHEQUE HE PROVIDES HER WITH A NEAT HOUSE, A HELP TO DO THE DOMESTIC WORK AND ENTERTAINMENTS ON SOME EVENINGS.
ON THE OTHER HAND, MATHILDE HAS DREAMS THAT ARE LARGER THAN LIFE. SHE IS UNHAPPY WITH HER LOT. SHE OFTEN SEES HERSELF IN LARGE RICH HOUSES WITH MAIDS, AND FOOTMEN, WITH SILVER WARE AND TAPESTRY WITH SPACIOUS ROOMS AND BEAUTIFUL GRADENS.
ONE FATEFUL EVENING LOISEL COMES HOME WITH AN INVITATION TO DINNER AT THE PALACE OF THE MINISTRY. MATHILDE IS DEEPLY CONCERNED ABOUT WHAT THE OTHERS WOULD THINK OF HER. SHE SPENDS 400 FRANCS, MONEY SAVED CAREFULLY, ON AN EVENING GOWN. NOT SATISFIED SHE GOES TO HER FRIEND JEANNE. SHE BORROWS WHAT SHE THINKS IS A DIAMOND NECKLACE.
AFTER A MOST WONDERFUL EVENING AT THE PALACE THEY RETURN HOME BY A CAB. SHE SOON NOTICES THAT THE PRECIOUS NECKLACE IS LOST.
NO AMOUNT OF PAINSTAKING SEARCH REVEALS THE JEWEL. THEY GO TO THE JEWELLERS, PAY UP 18,000 FRANCS THAT HIS FATHER HAD LEFT HIM, BORROW ANOTHER 22,000 FRANCS AND BUY A SIMILAR DIAMOND NECKLACE. JEANNE DOES NOT NOTICE THE DIFFERENCE.
THE LOISELS SPEND THE NEXT 10 YEARS PAYING OFF THEIR DEBT. THEY HAVE AGED BEFORE THEIR TIME AND HAVE LOST THE SPARK OF LIFE.
FINALLY, ALL OF SUDDEN MATHILDE MEETS HER FRIEND. TO HER CHAGRIN, SHE LEARNS THAT ALL THAT EFFORT WAS IN VAIN. THE NECKLACE HAD BEEN PASTE JEWELLERY WORTH ONLY 500 FRANCS.

QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS

QUESTION 1
QUESTION: WAS MATHILDE HAPPY AS THE WIFE OF A CLERK?
ANSWER: SHE WAS UNHAPPY. SHE DREAMT OF RICHES AND A LUXURIOUS LIFE.
QUESTION 2
QUESTION: WHY DID SHE NOT VISIT HER FRIEND ANY MORE?
ANSWER: HER FRIEND WAS VERY RICH. SHE FELT DEPRESSED WHEN SHE RETURNED TO HER HOME. SO SHE AVOIDED VISITING HER.
QUESTION 3
QUESTION: WHAT DID THE LARGE ENVELOPE CONTAIN?
ANSWER: AN INVITATION TO THE PALACE OF THE MINISTRY ON MONDAY EVENING.
QUESTION 4
QUESTION: WHY WAS MATHILDE UNHAPPY EVEN AFTER RECEIVING THE INVITATION?
ANSWER: SHE WAS UNHAPPY AS SHE DID NOT HAVE AN EVENING GOWN TO WEAR TO THE PALACE.
QUESTION 5
QUESTION: HOW MUCH MONEY DID SHE ASK FOR THE NEW GOWN?
ANSWER: SHE ASKED 400 FRANCS FOR THE NEW GOWN.
QUESTION 6
QUESTION: THOUGH SHE HAD A NEW GOWN SHE STILL FELT THAT SOMETHING WAS MISSING. WHAT WAS MISSING?
ANSWER: THOUGH SHE HAD A NEW GOWN SHE STILL FELT THAT SOMETHING WAS MISSING. SHE WANTED SOME JEWELLERY TO WEAR.
QUESTION 7
QUESTION: WHAT DID LOISEL SUGGEST IN PLACE OF JEWELLERY?
ANSWER: LOISEL SUGGESTED A BUNCH OF FLOWERS IN PLACE OF JEWELLERY.
QUESTION 8
QUESTION: WHY DID MATHILDE VISIT HER FRIEND?
ANSWER: MATHILDE WONDERED IF SHE COULD BORROW A PIECE OF JEWELLERY FROM HER FRIEND.
QUESTION 9
QUESTION: WHAT DID MATHILDE FINALLY CHOOSE FROM HER FRIEND'S JEWEL BOX?
ANSWER: MATHILDE FINALLY CHOSE A SPARKLING DIAMOND NECKLACE FROM HER FRIEND'S JEWEL BOX.
QUESTION 10
QUESTION: HOW DID THEY REACH HOME AFTER THE BALL?
ANSWER: THEY WALKED FOR A SHORT DISTANCE AND THEN CAUGHT A CAB HOME.
QUESTION 11
QUESTION: WHAT DID MATHILDE SUDDENLY DISCOVER AFTER SHE RETURNED HOME?
ANSWER: SHE WANTED TO LOOK AT HERSELF ONCE MORE IN THE MIRROR BEFORE RETIRING FOR THE NIGHT. THEN SHE SAW THAT THE NECKLACE WAS MISSING. IT HAD FALLEN OFF.
QUESTION 12
QUESTION: WHAT DID MADAME FORESTIER NOT DISCOVER?
ANSWER: MADAME FORESTIER HAD LOANED A DIAMOND NECKLACE TO MATHILDE. MATHILDE HAD LOST THE NECKLACE, BUT BOUGHT A SIMILAR NECKLACE. MADAM FORESTIER DID NOT DISCOVER THAT THE NECKLACE RETURNED WAS NOT THE ONE THAT MATHILDE HAD BORROWED.
QUESTION 13
QUESTION: WHAT COURSE OF LIFE DID THE LOISEL'S HAVE AFTER THIS INCIDENT ON THE FATEFUL EVENING?
ANSWER: THEY HAD A VERY DIFFICULT LIFE. MATHILDE HAD TO DO ALL THE HOUSE WORK, HER HUSBAND WORKED IN THE EVENINGS AND WORKED LATE INTO THE NIGHT COPYING MANUSCRIPTS AT FIVE SOUS PER PAGE.
QUESTION 14
QUESTION: EXPLAIN THE IRONIC END OF THE STORY.
ANSWER: MATHILDE AND HER HUSBAND PAY OFF A DEBT OF 32,000 FRANCS. BUT THEY REALIZE AT THE END THAT THE NECKLACE HAD ACTUALLY BEEN A FAKE ONE COSTING ONLY 500 FRANCS.
QUESTION 15
QUESTION: WHAT WERE THE VARIOUS WRONG STEPS TAKEN BY MATHILDE?
ANSWER:
1) TO CRAVE FOR A GOWN AND JEWEL BEYOND THEIR CAPACITY

2) TO BORROW AN EXPENSIVE JEWEL

3) NOT TO INFORM HER FRIEND ABOUT THE LOSS
QUESTION 16
QUESTION: READ THE GIVEN EXTRACTS AND WRITE WHAT THEY REVEAL ABOUT THE VARIOUS CHARACTERS OF THE STORY.

MATHILDE
A) SHE WAS BORN AS IF BY SLIP OF FATE INTO 'A FAMILY OF CLERKS'
B) SHE FELT SO SAD WHEN SHE CAME HOME
C) SHE THREW THE INVITATION ON THE TABLE CROSSLY.
D) HAVEN'T YOU ANY MORE?
E) SHE BORE HER PART WITH SUDDEN HEROISM.
ANSWER: A) SHE DREAMS OF A RICH LIFE AND DREAMS BEYOND HER MEANS

B) SHE WAS ASHAMED OF HER POVERTY

C) UNGRATEFUL

D) DISSATISFIED, WANTS TO LOOK EXTREMELY RICH AND BEAUTIFUL

E) IS A STRONG WOMAN DEEP DOWN. FACES UP TO HER WRONG DEED
QUESTION 17
QUESTION: READ THE GIVEN EXTRACTS AND WRITE WHAT THEY REVEAL ABOUT THE VARIOUS CHARACTERS OF THE STORY.

THE HUSBAND
A) 'THERE' IS SOMETHING FOR YOU.
B) VERY WELL I WILL GIVE YOU 400 FRANCS
C) GO AND LOOK UP OUR FRIEND MADAME 'FORESTIER'
D) WAIT A BIT, YOU WILL CATCH COLD OUTSIDE
E) 'I SHALL GO BACK ON FOOT'
F) LATE AT NIGHT HE OFTEN COPIED MANUSCRIPTS
ANSWER: A) LOVING HUSBAND HOPING TO PLEASE HIS WIFE

B) SACRIFICES HIS NEEDS FOR THOSE OF HIS WIFE

C) RESOURCEFUL - THINKS OF A WAY OUT OF THE SITUATION

D) CONCERNED ABOUT HIS WIFE

E) ACTION ORIENTED PERSON. INSTEAD OF MERELY SHOUTING AT MATHILDE OR SCOLDING HER, HE GOES IN SEARCH OF THE NECKLACE

F) PATIENTLY PAYS OFF THE MOST ALARMING DEBT
QUESTION 18
QUESTION: DISCUSS THE VARIOUS CAUSES FOR THE PROBLEMS FACED BY THE LIOSELS.
ANSWER: THE LIOSELS WERE A HAPPY COUPLE. THE HUSBAND WAS A CLERK WITH A STEADY INCOME AND HIS WIFE MATHILDE HAD A MAID TO HELP HER WITH THE SHOPPING AND THE HOUSEWORK. BUT MATHILDE DREAMT OF A RICH SOCIAL LIFE.

ONE DAY THEY RECEIVED AN INVITATION TO A BALL AT THE PALACE BY THE MINISTRY. THIS WAS THE BEGINNING OF THEIR PROBLEMS. MATHILDE REFUSED TO ATTEND THE PARTY WITHOUT AN ELEGANT GOWN AND JEWEL. THE GOWN SHE BOUGHT FOR 400 FRANCS BUT THE JEWEL SHE BORROWED. SHE COULD HAVE ACCEPTED HER HUSBAND'S SUGGESTION AND WORN FLOWERS INSTEAD. SHE CHOSE TO BORROW THE JEWEL AND UNFORTUNATELY LOST IT.

HAVING LOST IT SHE WAS NOT BRAVE ENOUGH TO REVEAL IT TO HER FRIEND. SHE REPLACED THE NECKLACE WITH A SIMILAR ONE FROM THE JEWELLERS. HAD SHE OWNED UP TO HER FRIEND SHE WOULD HAVE KNOWN THAT IT ONLY COST 500 FRANCS.

BUT THE CONTRIBUTION OF ALL THESE FACTORS LED TO THEIR HAVING TO LEAD 10 YEARS OF MISERABLE EXISTENCE.
QUESTION 19
QUESTION: WHAT DO YOU THINK HAPPENED AFTER MATHILDE AND HER FRIEND MET?
ANSWER: THERE ARE MANY POSSIBLE CONCLUSIONS. GIVEN BELOW ARE THREE. YOU MAY CHOOSE ONE OF THESE OR ANY OTHER LOGICAL CONCLUSION THAT YOU CAN THINK OF.

A) MADAM FORESTIER SYMPATHIZES WITH MATHILDE. CONSOLES HER FOR SOME TIME. THEN GOES AWAY NOT REALIZING THE VAST DIFFERENCE THE INCIDENTS MADE TO THEIR LIFE.

B) MADAM FORESTIER IS OVERCOME WITH SORROW. SHE TAKES MATHILDE HOME. TREATS HER WELL. FORCES HER TO TAKE BACK THE DIAMOND NECKLACE. MATHILDE AND HER HUSBAND BEGIN LIFE AFRESH WITH THE MONEY GOT BY SELLING THE NECKLACE.

C) MADAM FORESTIER CONSOLES AND SYMPATHIZES WITH MATHILDE. THEN SHE RUSHES HOME TO SEE THE DIAMOND NECKLACE AGAIN. SOON SHE REMEMBERS THAT TWO YEARS AGO SHE HAD GIFTED IT AWAY TO ONE OF HER FAITHFUL MAIDS WHO HAD TO LEAVE WORK FOR SHE GOT MARRIED'.
QUESTION 20
QUESTION: "BUT MADAM'. I DO NOT KNOW -YOU MUST BE MISTAKEN" WHO SAYS THIS AND WHY? DO NOT EXCEED 75 WORDS.
ANSWER: THESE WORDS ARE SPOKEN BY MADAME FORESTIER, WHEN MADAME LOISEL MEETS HER AFTER A LONG PERIOD. MADAME LOISEL HAS BECOME AN ORDINARY WOMAN AFTER THE REPLACEMENT OF THE LOST NECKLACE. IT HAS DRAWN LIFE OUT OF HER. WHEN SHE MEETS MADAME FORESTIER, THE LATTER DOESN'T RECOGNIZE MADAME LOISEL BECAUSE OF THE PHYSICAL CHANGES THAT SHE HAS UNDERGONE. SHE NOW LOOKS HARD, ROUGH AND VERY ORDINARY.
QUESTION 21
QUESTION: HOW DID PEOPLE REACT TO MADAME LOISEL AT THE BALL?
ANSWER: MADAME LOISEL WAS A GREAT SUCCESS AT THE BALL. SHE WAS PRETTIER THAN ANY OTHER WOMAN PRESENT THERE. ALL THE MEN WERE GREATLY IMPRESSED BY HER BEAUTY, GRACE AND PERSONALITY. SHE STOOD TALLER THAN ALL THE OTHER WOMEN AT THE PARTY BY HER SHEER ELEGANCE. ALL THOSE PRESENT THERE, KEPT LOOKING AT HER AND THEY ASKED HER, HER NAME. THEY WANTED TO BE INTRODUCED TO HER AS THEY THOUGHT THAT SHE BELONGED TO THE UPPER CLASS OF SOCIETY. ALL THE ATTACHES OF THE CABINET WANTED TO DANCE WITH HER. SHE GOT A LOT OF ATTENTION FROM EVERYONE.
QUESTION 22
QUESTION: IMAGINE YOU ARE MADAME LOISEL. MAKE A DIARY ENTRY ABOUT YOUR SORROW AND GRIEF AFTER YOU DISCOVERED THAT THE DIAMOND NECKLACE WHICH COST YOUR LIFE WAS FAKE.
ANSWER: SATURDAY (DAY)
JANUARY (DATE)

DEAR DIARY,

WHAT A SHEER WASTE OF TEN LONG YEARS! MY BEAUTY, MY YOUTH, MY EVERYTHING GONE! AND IT COULD HAVE BEEN AVOIDED HAD LUCK LET US KNOW THAT THE NECKLACE WAS FAKE. MY LOVE FOR GLAMOUR AND A CRAVING FOR BEING ADMIRED COST US VERY DEARLY. WE WERE HAPPILY MARRIED AND WERE LEADING A NORMAL LIFE, BUT DUE TO MY ROMANTIC DISPOSITION AND GREED, WE HAD TO SUFFER A LOT. OUR LUCK DID NOT HELP US EITHER. ALAS! WE COULD HAVE GUESSED THAT THE LOST NECKLACE WAS "PASTE!" HOW HARD I HAD TO WORK- LIKE AN ORDINARY WOMAN! I CARRIED WATER, COOKED, CLEANED, SAVED EVERY SOU FOR THE SAKE OF THAT FAKE NECKLACE. WE SHOULD HAVE TOLD MADAME FORESTIER ABOUT THE LOSS. BUT WE MADE IT A PRESTIGE ISSUE AND HAVE LEARNT A LESSON IN LIFE, THE VERY HARD WAY-WE CANT LIVE FOR EVER IN OUR DREAMS. AND WE MUST NEVER ASPIRE FOR MORE THAN WE HAVE, FOR IT CAN RUIN US! I HOPE WE SEE BETTER DAY, SWEET DREAMS.

MATHILDE

MCQ’S

QUESTION 1
QUESTION: MR. LOISEL WORKED AS A
1. SECRETARY
2. OFFICER
3. MINISTER
4. CLERK
ANSWER: 4
QUESTION 2
QUESTION: MATHILDE DOES NOT WANT TO GO TO THE PALACE AT THE MINISTRY BECAUSE
1. SHE HAS NO FRIENDS THERE
2. SHE HAS NO CAR TO GO BY
3. SHE HAS NO FANCY CLOTHES OR JEWELS TO WEAR
4. SHE IS TOO TIRED TO GO
ANSWER: 3
QUESTION 3
QUESTION: MATHILDE PERSUADES HER HUSBAND TO BUY HER A GOWN FOR
1. 200 DOLLARS
2. 300 POUNDS
3. 400 FRANCS
4. 500 RUPEES
ANSWER: 3
QUESTION 4
QUESTION: MATHILDE BORROWS SOMETHING FROM HER FRIEND, WHOSE NAME IS
1. SALLY
2. BELLY
3. JEANNE
4. CLAUDIA
ANSWER: 3
QUESTION 5
QUESTION: SHE BORROWS
1. A PEARL BRACLET
2. A PAIR OF DIAMOND EARNINGS
3. AN EMERALD NECKLACE
4. A DIAMOND NECKLACE
ANSWER: 4
QUESTION 6
QUESTION: THE LOISELS SPEND A LOT OF MONEY TO REPLACE THE NECKLACE. THEY SPEND
1. 20, 000 FRANCS
2. 40, 000 FRANCS
3. 50, 000 FRANCS
4. 30, 000 FRANCS
ANSWER: 2
QUESTION 7
QUESTION: THE LOISELS SPENT _ YEARS OF THEIR PRECIOUS LIFE TO REPAY THEIR DEBT.
1. 15 YEARS
2. 18 YEARS
3. 10 YEARS
4. 12 YEARS
ANSWER: 3
QUESTION 8
QUESTION: AT THE END OF THE STORY, MATHILDE REALIZES THAT THE ORIGINAL NECKLACE WAS PASTE JEWELLERY WORTH
1. 500 FRANCS
2. 1000 FRANCS
3. 800 FRANCS
4. 200 FRANCS
ANSWER: 1
QUESTION 9
QUESTION: THE MORAL THAT THE LESSON TEACHES US IS
1. NEVER BORROW THINGS FROM OTHERS; YOU MIGHT LOSE IT
2. DO NOT LIE TO OTHERS, YOU WILL BE FOUND OUT
3. DO NOT ASPIRE FOR MORE THAN YOU HAVE, IT WILL RUIN YOU
4. DO NOT WEAR EXPENSIVE JEWELLERY TO PARTIES
ANSWER: 3
QUESTION 10
QUESTION: THE NECKLACE IS WRITTEN BY
1. LEO TOLSTOY
2. O' HENRY
3. GUY DE MAUPASSANT
4. E.L TURNBULL


THE PENDULAM

SUMMARY

THE PENDULUM IS A STORY ABOUT THE EVERYDAY LIFE OF AN ORDINARY COUPLE CAUGHT IN THE CHORES OF MUNDANE CITY LIFE. JOHN PERKINS AND HIS WIFE KATY LIVE IN FROGMORE FLATS. CAUGHT IN THE INEVITABLE ROUTINE OF BREAKFAST - OFFICE - SUPPER - BED, THEY HAVE A PREDICTABLE EXISTENCE EVERYDAY.
THE FIRST FEW PARAGRAPHS OF THE STORY TELL US HOW TYPICALLY SAME THEIR DAYS ARE. HE RETURNS FROM WORK BY THE SAME BUS, IS MET AT THE DOOR WITH THE SAME SMILE, KATY THEN SERVES DINNER (WHICH ALSO SEEMS QUITE THE SAME EVERYDAY) AFTER WHICH JOHN LEAVES FOR THE CLUB WITH THE QUERULOUS PROTEST BY KATY AND GRUFF RESPONSE.
BUT ONE DAY ALL THAT IS CHANGED. KATY GETS A TELEGRAM THAT INFORMS HER THAT HER MOTHER IS UNWELL. SHE LEAVES IN A HURRY, WHEN JOHN RETURNS THE HOUSE IS IN A MESS, THE THINGS ARE SCATTERED ALL OVER AND KATY IS NOT TO BE SEEN.
A LONELY SUPPER OF COLD MEAT IS WHAT HE HAS. HE IS FILLED WITH REMORSE. HE REALISES THE VALUE OF KATY. HE VOWS TO TREAT HER BETTER. HE REGRETS HAVING SPENT EVENINGS AT THE CLUB WITH FRIENDS WHILE SHE WAS ALONE AT HOME. HE DECIDES TO CHANGE.
ALL OF A SUDDEN KATY RETURNS. HER MOTHER HAS RECOVERED AND KATY HAS CAUGHT THE NEXT TRAIN HOME. JOHN IS JOLTED BACK TO REALITY. HE RESUMES HIS OLD HABITS. HE PICKS UP HIS HAT, GIVES A GRUFF RESPONSE TO HIS WIFE'S QUERIES AND LEAVES FOR THE CLUB AGAIN! OLD HABITS DIE HARD.

QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS

QUESTION 1
QUESTION: WHO IS THE SHEPHERD IN BLUE? WHY ARE THE CITIZENS REFERRED TO AS SHEEP? [PARAGRAPH 1 AND 2].
ANSWER: THE SHEPHERD IN BLUE IS THE CONDUCTOR. THE CITIZENS FOLLOW EACH OTHER OUT IN HERDS - UNTHINKING LIKE SHEEP. THEY ARE MECHANICAL.
QUESTION 2
QUESTION: WHAT DOES THE AUTHOR MEAN BY 'THERE WAS NO SUCH WORD AS PERHAPS'.
ANSWER: JOHN'S LIFE WAS THE SAME EVERYDAY.
QUESTION 3
QUESTION: WHAT DOES KATY LIKE TO EAT?
ANSWER: KATY LIKES TO EAT BUTTER SCOTCH COOKIES.
QUESTION 4
QUESTION: WHY DID THEY SPREAD NEWSPAPERS?
ANSWER: TO CATCH THE PLASTER THAT FELL OFF THE ROOF.
QUESTION 5
QUESTION: WHAT CHANGE DID PERKINS ENCOUNTER WHEN HE RETURNED FROM WORK ONE DAY?
ANSWER: KATY WAS SURPRISINGLY NOT AT HOME. ALL THINGS WERE IN DISARRAY.
QUESTION 6
QUESTION: WHAT DID THE NOTE SAY?
ANSWER: THE NOTE WAS LEFT BY KATY. SHE SAID THAT SHE WAS LEAVING IN A HURRY TO SEE HER MOTHER WHO WAS UNWELL.
QUESTION 7
QUESTION: WHY DID KATY'S ABSENCE SHOCK HIM SO MUCH?
ANSWER: THEIR LIFE WAS SCHEDULED AND ORDERED. THEY DID THINGS THE SAME WAY EVERYDAY. IN THE TWO YEARS OF MARRIED LIFE KATY HAD NEVER BEEN AWAY AT THE TIME OF HIS RETURN. HER SUDDEN ABSENCE CONFUSED HIM.
QUESTION 8
QUESTION: WHY DID THE CITY NOT INTEREST HIM ANY MORE?
ANSWER: KATY'S ABSENCE ROBBED HIM OF ALL JOY. HE FELL HELPLESS AND INSECURE.
QUESTION 9
QUESTION: WHAT DECISION DOES JOHN TAKE?
ANSWER: JOHN DECIDES TO BE VERY NICE TO KATY IN FUTURE. HE ALSO PLANS TO STOP MEETING THE 'GANG' AT THE CLUB.
QUESTION 10
QUESTION: WHAT IS SURPRISING ABOUT THE END OF THE STORY?
ANSWER: WE ARE LED TO BELIEVE THAT JOHN HAS CHANGED. WE EXPECT KATY AND JOHN TO HAVE A HAPPY REUNION AND A DIFFERENT KIND OF EVENING. BUT OLD HABITS RESUME AND JOHN LEAVES AS USUAL FOR THE CLUB!

QUESTION 11
QUESTION: READ KATY'S LETTER AGAIN. WHAT IMPRESSION OF KATY DO YOU GET?
ANSWER: DUTIFUL WIFE - HAS KEPT SUPPER FOR JOHN OR HAS LEFT A NOTE SO THAT HE WOULD NOT BE WORRIED OR EVEN REMEMBERS TO TELL HIM WHERE THE SOCKS ARE.

CONCERNED DAUGHTER - RUSHES TO MOTHER WHEN SHE NEEDS HER.

GOOD AT HOUSEKEEPING - WELL AWARE OF ALL THE PENDING BILLS.
QUESTION 12
QUESTION: WHAT KIND OF OCCUPANTS DOES FROGMORE FLATS HAVE?
ANSWER: ALL THE OCCUPANTS OF FROGMORE FLATS ARE HARDWORKING MEN AND WOMEN. THEY HAVE A HUMDRUM EXISTENCE WHICH IS TIGHTLY SCHEDULED. THEY SEEM TO DO THE SAME THINGS EVERYDAY. A LIFE THAT IS MONOTONOUS AND DULL.
QUESTION 13
QUESTION: WHY IS THE STORY CALLED PENDULUM?
ANSWER: THE PENDULUM SWINGS FROM ONE EXTREME POSITION TO THE OTHER. THEN SWINGS BACK AGAIN TO ITS ORIGINAL ONE.

JOHN PERKINS HAS A LOVING AND CARING WIFE. SHE CARES FOR HIS NEEDS AND PROVIDES HIM WITH A COMFORTABLE HOME. HE HARDLY NOTICES ALL THIS, AND LIVES ONLY FOR HIS OWN COMFORT. HER SUDDEN DEPARTURE TRIGGERS REMORSE AND GUILT FEELINGS. HE IS ASHAMED OF HIMSELF AND VOWS TO CHANGE HIMSELF. HE WILL BE MORE LOVING AND KIND TOWARDS HIS WIFE.

THIS SWING IN THE PENDULUM OF HIS EMOTIONS DOES NOT LAST LONG. HE BECOMES HIS ORIGINAL SELF ONCE KATY RETURNS
QUESTION 14
QUESTION: WHAT DID PERKINS DECIDE TO DO TO MAKE UP FOR THE DEFICIENCIES WITH REGARD TO THE HOUSE AND KATY?
ANSWER: JOHN PERKINS WAS REALLY A CHANGED PERSON NOW HE REALIZED THE VALUE OF KATY IN HER ABSENCE. HE SENSED THAT KATY HAD BECOME AN INTEGRAL PART OF HIS LIFE. HE WAS NOTHING WITHOUT HER. SHE WAS THE VERY AIR THAT HE BREATHED. SHE HAD BECOME ANNEXED TO HIM. HE RESOLVED TO MAKE IT UP TO HIS GIRL. HE DECIDED THAT HE WOULDN'T GO TO MC CLOSKEY'S -INSTEAD HE WOULD HELP HER IN HER DOMESTIC DUTIES. HE WOULD TAKE HER OUT AND AMUSE HER. HE ALSO DECIDED TO PAY MORE ATTENTION TO HER AND KEEP HER HAPPY.
QUESTION 15
QUESTION: KATY WRITES A DIARY ABOUT HER MARRIED LIFE ESPECIALLY THE NEGLECT BY HER HUSBAND JOHN PERKINS. WRITE HER DAIRY ENTRY.
ANSWER: DAY
DATE
DEAR DIARY,

MY LIFE SEEMS TO HAVE COME TO A DEAD STOP. THERE DOESN'T SEEM TO BE A SINGLE MOMENT WHEN I FEEL JOY OR HAPPINESS. I FEEL I HAVE BECOME FIXED LIKE ANY IMMOVABLE FIXTURE IN THE HOUSE WITH MY HUSBAND JOHN PERKINS. IT HAS NOT BEEN LONG SINCE WE MARRIED, BUT THE MONOTONY THAT HAS ENTERED OUR LIVES HAS BECOME UNBEARABLE. HE GOES TO HIS JOB IN THE MORNING AND RETURNS ONLY IN THE EVENING, THEN WE HAVE DINNER AND HE PROMPTLY GOES TO MC CLOSKEY'S TO PLAY POOL AND BE WITH HIS FRIENDS AND THEN RETURNS VERY LATE. IT HAS BEEN AGES EVER SINCE WE WENT OUT. HE NEVER FEELS THE NEED TO SPEND TIME WITH ME. I HAVE MERELY BECOME HIS HOUSEKEEPER; HE NEVER HELPS ME IN THE HOUSEWORK OR BUYS ANY GIFTS FOR ME. IRONICALLY, HE HAD MARRIED ME OUT OF LOVE, BUT NOW HE HAS TURNED OUT TO BE SUCH A COLD PERSON. I SEEM TO HAVE CEASED TO EXIST FOR HIM. I PRAY TO GOD THAT HE CHANGES FOR THE BETTER AND THAT OUR DULL LIFE CHANGES TO BE A MORE LIVELY ONE.

KATY.

MCQ’S

QUESTION 1
QUESTION: THE PENDULUM IS WRITTEN BY
1. O' HENRY
2. GUY DE MAUPASSANT
3. E.L. TURNBULL
4. NAMAN MCKENNELL
ANSWER: 1
QUESTION 2
QUESTION: THE NAME OF THE APARTMENT THAT THE PERKINS LIVE IS
1. FEM HILL FLATS
2. FROGMORE FLATS
3. FROG VIEW FLATS
4. WEST VIEW FLATS
ANSWER: 2
QUESTION 3
QUESTION: KATY LIKES TO EAT
1. ALMOND COOKIES
2. CHOCOLATE COOKIES
3. BUTTERSCOTCH COOKIES
4. CASHEW NUT COOKIES
ANSWER: 3
QUESTION 4
QUESTION: THE PERKINS SPREAD NEWSPAPER ON THEIR FLOOR
1. TO SIT DOWN AND READ THEM
2. TO HAVE SUPPER ON THE FLOOR
3. TO CATCH THE PLASTER THAT FELL OFF THE ROOF
4. SO AS NOT TO MAKE THE FLOOR MUDDY WITH THEIR SHOES
ANSWER: 3
QUESTION 5
QUESTION: ONE DAY KATY LEFT A NOTE FOR JOHN SAYING SHE WAS GOING
1. SHOPPING
2. TO SEE A FRIEND OFF AT THE AIRPORT
3. TO THE BEAUTY PARLOUR
4. TO SEE HER UNWELL MOTHER
ANSWER: 4
QUESTION 6
QUESTION: THE LIFE THAT JOHN AND KATY LEAD CAN BE DESCRIBED AS
1. DULL AND MONOTONOUS
2. EXCITING AND CHEERFUL
3. HECTIC AND ADVENTURES
4. FAST PACED AND CHAOTIC
ANSWER: 1
QUESTION 7
QUESTION: THE PLACE THAT JOHN WENT TO EVERY NIGHT WAS CALLED
1. MC. CARTNEY'S
2. MC. ARTHUR'S
3. MC. DONALD'S
4. MC. CLOSKEY'S
ANSWER: 4
QUESTION 8
QUESTION: JOHN PERKINS LIKES TO PLAY
1. BRIDGE
2. CHESS
3. POOL
4. BADMINTON
ANSWER: 3


LORD ULLINS DAUGHTER

SUMMARY

A SCOTTISH CHIEFTAIN IS IN LOVE WITH THE DAUGHTER OF LORD ULLIN. THE SCOTS HAVE CLOSE KNIT CLANS AND ARE VERY PROUD OF THEIR CLANS. THIS OFTEN RESULTED IN FEUDS AND FIGHTS.
LORD ULLIN DOES NOT APPROVE OF HIS DAUGHTER'S CHOICE AND THREATENS TO KILL THE CHIEF'S SON. THE TWO LOVERS ESCAPE AND COME TO A LARGE LAKE CALLED THE LOCH. IT IS A STORMY NIGHT AND GOING INTO THE LAKE IN THIS WEATHER COULD BE QUITE DANGEROUS.
THE CHIEFTAIN'S SON OFFERS THE BOATMAN A SILVER POUND TO FERRY THEM ACROSS. THE BOATMAN IS QUITE SURPRISED AT THIS REQUEST AND WOULD LIKE TO KNOW WHO THEY ARE. THE LOVER TELLS HIM. THEY HAVE BEEN RUNNING FOR 3 DAYS NOW. HE IS SURE THAT IF CAUGHT HE WILL BE KILLED. HIS BLOOD WILL STAIN THE HEATHER.
THE BRAVE BOATSMAN OFFERS TO TAKE THEM ACROSS. HE SAYS THAT HE DOES SO NOT FOR MONEY, BUT BECAUSE OF THE CHARMING LADY. IT IS NOT FOR HER SILVER BRIGHT BUT FOR HER WINSOME LADY.
THE DARK CLOUDS GATHERED. THE STORM GREW FIERCE. THE LADY PLEADED WITH THE MEN TO HURRY. SHE WOULD RATHER VENTURE INTO THE STORMY WATERS THAN MEET THE WRATH OF HER FATHER. I'LL MEET THE RAGING OF THE SKIES. BUT NOT AN ANGRY FATHER.
THE LOVERS WERE TAKEN INTO THE STORMY WATERS. BUT THE WINDS WERE HARD AND THE TEMPEST TOO STRONG. THE BOAT SOON CAPSIZED AND THE FRAIL OCCUPANTS OF THE BOAT FELL INTO THE LAKE AND WERE SOON DROWNED.
JUST AT THAT MOMENT LORD ULLIN REACHED THE BANK. HIS ANGER HAD MELTED AWAY AND NOW HE WAS CLOSE TO TEARS HIS WRATH WAS CHANGED TO WAILING.
HE SAW THE RAISED HAND OF HIS CHILD, BEFORE SHE SANK INTO THE WATER WITH HER LOVER. HE CALLED OUT TO HER IN GRIEF, PROMISING TO ACCEPT HER LOVER THE CHIEF'S SON. BUT HE WAS TOO LATE. THE LOVERS HAD MET THEIR WATERY GRAVE.

QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS

QUESTION 1
QUESTION: AND I'LL GIVE THEE A SILVER POUND TO ROW US OVER THE FERRY!

A) WHO SAID THIS TO WHOM?

B) WHOM WERE THEY RUNNING AWAY FROM?
ANSWER: A) THE LOVER, THE SON OF THE CHIEF OF ULVA'S SAID THIS TO THE BOAT MAN.

B) LORD ULLIN
QUESTION 2
QUESTION: BY THIS THE STORM GREW LOUD APACE. THE WATER WRAITH WAS SHRIEKING.

A) WHY WAS THE STORM TERRIFYING?

B) WHAT DOES THE 2ND LINE MEAN?
ANSWER: A) THEY HAD TO CROSS THE LOCH AND THIS WAS DANGEROUS DURING A STORM.

B) THE WATER WRAITH IS THE WATER GHOST OR SPECTRE. THE POET IS DESCRIBING THE LOUD NOISE MADE BY THE STORM AND THE WATER.
QUESTION 3
QUESTION: I'LL MEET THE RAGING OF THE SKIES
BUT NOT AN ANGRY FATHER

A) WHY IS THE FATHER ANGRY?

B) HOW DOES SHE MEET THE RAGING OF THE SKIES?
ANSWER: A) SHE HAS CHOSEN TO MARRY THE SON OF THE ULVA ISLE'S CHIEF. LORD ULLIN IS UNHAPPY WITH THE CHOICE.

B) SHE GOES INTO THE LOCH OR LAKE IN A BOAT DURING A TERRIBLE STORM.
QUESTION 4
QUESTION: THE BOAT HAS LEFT A STORMY LAND
A STORMY SEA BEFORE HER

A) WHY IS THE LAND SAID TO BE STORMY?

B) WHY IS THE SEA STORMY?
ANSWER: A) LORD ULLIN, HAS A BAD TEMPER. HE IS PREPARED TO KILL HIS DAUGHTER'S LOVER. SO THE LAND IS 'STORMY'.

B) THE WEATHER HAS SUDDENLY CHANGED. THERE IS A STRONG TEMPEST.
QUESTION 5
QUESTION: WHEN O! TOO STRONG FOR HUMAN HAND,
THE TEMPEST GATHERED AROUND HER

WHAT DO THESE LINES MEAN?
ANSWER: THE WIND AND RAIN WAS STRONG AND SOON OVERTURNED THE BOAT. THE HUMANS IN THE BOAT COULD NOT SAVE THEMSELVES.
QUESTION 6
QUESTION: 'TWAS VAIN: THE LOUD WAVES LASHED THE SHORE
RETURN OR AID PREVENTING

A) WHAT WAS IN VAIN?

B) WHAT DOES LINE 2 CONVEY?
ANSWER: A) LORD ULIN CALLED OUT TO HIS DAUGHTER THAT HE FORGAVE HER, AND HE ACCEPTED HER LOVER. THIS WAS IN VAIN.

B) IT WAS NOT POSSIBLE FOR THE BOAT TO RETURN, NOR WAS IT POSSIBLE FOR LORD ULLIN'S MEN TO HELP THOSE IN THE BOAT.
QUESTION 7
QUESTION: WHAT DO YOU KNOW ABOUT THE BOATMAN?
ANSWER: THE BOATMAN IS A BRAVE AND LOYAL MAN. HE OFFERS TO HELP HIS CHIEF'S SON IN TIMES OF DANGER. HE IS CHIVALROUS AS HE OFFERS TO DO IT FREE FOR THE LADY.
QUESTION 8
QUESTION: WHAT KIND OF A MAN IS LORD ULLIN?
ANSWER: HE IS A STRONG AND AUTHORITATIVE MAN. HE HAS MANY SOLDIERS AND EXPECTS HIS DAUGHTER TO LISTEN TO HIS ORDERS. HE CANNOT ACCEPT A POOR CHIEF'S SON AS HIS DAUGHTER'S LOVER. BUT HE ALSO LOVES HIS DAUGHTER DEARLY.
QUESTION 9
QUESTION: DO YOU THINK THE PUNISHMENT RECEIVED BY LORD ULLIN IS JUSTIFIED?
ANSWER: LORD ULLIN LOVED HIS DAUGHTER DEARLY. HE WAS HARSH AND IT WAS HIS LOVE FOR HER THAT MADE HIM NOT ACCEPT THE CHIEF'S SON. THE DEATH OF THE DAUGHTER IS A HARSH PUNISHMENT FOR HIM.
QUESTION 10
QUESTION: READ THE EXTRACTS GIVEN BELOW AND ANSWER THE QUESTIONS THAT FOLLOW:

A CHIEFTAIN, TO THE HIGHLANDS BOUND,
CRIES, 'BOATMAN, DO NOT TARRY!
AND I'LL GIVE THEE A SILVER POUND,
TO ROW IS O'ER THE FERRY!'

A) WHO IS THE 'CHIEFTAIN' HERE?

B) WHAT DOES THE CHIEFTAIN TELL THE BOATMAN?

C) WHY IS THE CHIEFTAIN IS SUCH A HURRY?
ANSWER: A) THE 'CHIEFTAIN' IS THE CHIEF OF ULVA'S ISLE. HE IS WITH HIS BELOVED, LORD ULLIN'S DAUGHTER.

B) THE CHIEFTAIN TELLS THE BOATMAN NOT TO LINGER AND WASTE TIME, TO HURRY AND TAKE THEM IN HIS BOAT.

C) THE CHIEFTAIN IS IN A TEARING HURRY BECAUSE LORD ULLIN ALONG WITH HIS ARMED MEN, HAVE BEEN CHASING THEM. BOTH HAVE ELOPED AND LORD ULLIN DOES NOT LIKE THAT FACT AND WANTS TO GET HIS DAUGHTER BACK.

QUESTION 11
QUESTION: "NOW, WHO BE YE, WOULD CROSS, LOCHGYLE,
THIS DARK AND STORMY WEATHER?"
"OH, I'M THE CHIEF OF ULVA'S ISLES,
AND THIS, LORD ULLIN'S DAUGHTER.

A) WHAT KIND OF WEATHER IS PREVAILING AT THAT TIME?

B) WHO SPEAKS THE FIRST TWO LINES OF THE STANZA.

C) WHY DOES THE CHIEFTAIN WANT TO CROSS LOCHGYLE?
ANSWER: A) THE WEATHER IS DARK AND THERE IS A ROUGH STORM AND THE SEA IS VERY DANGEROUS TOO.

B) THE BOATMAN SPEAKS THE FIST TWO LINES OF THE STANZA.

C) THE CHIEFTAIN WANTS TO CROSS LOCHGYLE AS LORD ULLIN WITH HIS ARMED MEN ARE CHASING HIM AND HIS BELOVED AND THEY WANT TO ESCAPE FROM THEM.
QUESTION 12
QUESTION: "AND FAST BEFORE HER FATHER'S MEN,
THREE DAYS WE'VE FLED TOGETHER
FOR SHOULD HE FIND US IN THE GLEN
MY BLOOD WOULD STAIN THE HEATHER.

A) HOW LONG HAVE THE CHIEFTAIN AND HIS BELOVED BEEN ON THE RUN?

B) WHAT ARE THEY FEARFUL ABOUT?
ANSWER: A) THE CHIEFTAIN AND HIS BELOVED HAVE BEEN ON THE RUN FOR THREE DAYS.

B) THEY ARE FEARFUL THAT IF CAUGHT BY LORD ULLIN AND HIS MEN, THE CHIEFTAIN WILL BE BRUTALLY KILLED
QUESTION 13
QUESTION: "HIS HORSEMEN HARD BEHIND US RIDE,
SHOULD THEY OUR STEPS DISCOVER,
THEN WHO WILL CHEER MY BONNY BRIDE,
WHEN THEY HAVE SLAIN HER LOVER?"

A) WHOSE HORSEMEN ARE REFERRED TO HERE?

B) WHAT DOES THE CHIEFTAIN WORRY ABOUT? WHAT DOES THIS SHOW ABOUT HIM?
ANSWER: A) LORD ULLIN'S MEN WHO ARE ON HORSE BACK, ARE CHASING THE CHIEFTAIN AND LORD ULLIN'S DAUGHTER.

B) IF CAUGHT BY LORD ULLIN AND HIS MEN, THE CHIEFTAIN WOULD BE KILLED ON THE SPOT. HIS MAIN WORRY THEN IS ABOUT HIS BELOVED - AS WHO WILL CHEER HER AFTER HIS DEATH. THIS SHOWS THAT THE CHIEFTAIN LOVES HER DEARLY AND HIS LOVE FOR HER IS TRULY SELFLESS.
QUESTION 14
QUESTION: OUT SPOKE THE HARDY HIGHLAND WIGHT
"I'LL GO, MY CHIEF- I'M READY:
IT'S NOT FOR YOUR SILVER BRIGHT
BUT FOR YOUR WINSOME LADY:

A) WHO IS THE HARDLY HIGHLAND WIGHT?

B) HOW DOES HE REACT TO THE CHIEFTAIN'S REQUEST TO TAKE THEM ACROSS IN HIS BOAT?

C) WHY DO YOU THINK THE BOATMAN IS READY TO TAKE THEM ACROSS IN-SPITE OF THE STORMY WEATHER?
ANSWER: A) THE HARDY HIGHLAND WIGHT IS THE BRAVE BOATMAN.

B) HE REACTS FAVORABLY TO THE CHIEFTAIN'S REQUEST STATING THAT HE IS READY AND WILLING TO COMPLY WITH THE CHIEFTAIN'S REQUEST.

C) THE BOATMAN HAS GREAT RESPECT FOR THE CHIEFTAIN AND UNDERSTANDS THEIR PLIGHT. HE DOES NOT DO IT FOR THE MONEY OFFERED BUT BECAUSE OF THE BEAUTIFUL LADY WHO WOULD LOSE HER BELOVED IF CAUGHT BY LORD ULLIN AND HIS MEN.
QUESTION 15
QUESTION: "AND BY MY WORD! THE BONNY BIRD
IN DANGER SHALL NOT TARRY;
SO, THOUGH THE WAVES ARE RAGING WHITE.
I'LL ROW YOU O'ER THE FERRY.

A) WHO IS THE SPEAKER OF THE ABOVE LINES?

B) WHAT IS THE MAIN OBSTACLE IN THE COMPLETION OF THE MISSION?

C) WHAT IS THE ASSURANCE GIVEN BY THE BOATMAN?
ANSWER: A) THE SPEAKER OF THE ABOVE LINES IS THE BOATMAN.

B) THE MAIN OBSTACLE IN THE COMPLETION OF THE MISSION IS THE STORMY AND WILD WEATHER. THE WAVES ARE HIGH AND THE SEA IS DANGEROUS.

C) THE BOATMAN IS ASSURING THE CHIEFTAIN THAT WITHOUT WASTING ANYMORE PRECIOUS TIME HE WILL TRY AND ROW THEM TO SAFETY IN-SPITE OF THE IMPEDING DANGER.
QUESTION 16
QUESTION: BY THIS THE STORM GREW LOUD APACE,
THE WATER - WRAITH WAS SHRIEKING.
AND IN THE SCOWL OF HEAVEN EACH FACE
GREW DARK AS THEY WERE SPEAKING

A) HOW DID THE WEATHER BECOME?

B) WHAT COMPARISONS DOES THE POET USE TO DESCRIBE THE WEATHER?

C) HOW DID THE PEOPLE IN THE ABOVE LINES REACT?
ANSWER: A) THE WEATHER WAS TERRIBLE, DARK, STORMY AND VERY VIOLENT.

B) THE POET USES METAPHOR TO DESCRIBE THE WEATHER - WATER WRAITH SHRIEKING AND THE 'SCOWL OF HEAVEN' ARE USED TO REINFORCE THE VIOLENCE OF THE STORM.

C) AS THE STORM GREW FIERCER, THE CHIEFTAIN, HIS BELOVED AND THE BOATMAN GREW MORE WORRIED AND ANXIOUS.
QUESTION 17
QUESTION: BUT STILL AS WILDER BLEW THE WIND,
AND AS THE NIGHT GREW DREARER,
ADOWN THE GLEN RODE ARMED MEN,
THEIR TRAMPLING SOUNDED NEARER.

A) WHO ARE THE ARMED MEN? WHY DID THEY COME NEARER?

B) HOW DO YOU THINK LORD ULLIN'S DAUGHTER FEELS ON HEARING THE MEN GET CLOSER?
ANSWER: A) THE ARMED MEN ARE LORD ULLIN'S MEN WHO ARE CHASING LORD ULLIN'S DAUGHTER AND THE CHIEFTAIN WHO HAVE ELOPED. THEY HAVE BEEN CHASING THE COUPLE CLOSE ON THEIR HEELS AND HAVE ALMOST CAUGHT UP WITH THEM, SO THEIR HORSES GALLOPING CAN BE HEARD.

B) LORD ULLIN'S DAUGHTER IS PROBABLY TERRIFIED AND DOES NOT WANT THEM TO CATCH UP AS THEY WOULD BE SURE TO KILL THE CHIEFTAIN AND TAKE HER AWAY IF THEY CAUGHT UP.
QUESTION 18
QUESTION: "O HASTE THEE HASTE!" THE LADY CRIES
"THOUGH TEMPESTS ROUND US GATHER;
I'LL MEET THE RAGING OF THE SKIES,
BUT NOT AN ANGRY FATHER".

A) WHO IS THE "LADY" HERE, WHY DOES SHE CRY?

B) WHAT DOES THE LADY MEAN IN THE LAST TWO LINES?
ANSWER: A) THE "LADY" IN THE ABOVE LINES IN LORD ULLIN'S DAUGHTER. SHE CRIES BECAUSE SHE IS VERY AFRAID OF BEING SEPARATED FROM HER BELOVED IF THE ARMED MEN CATCH UP AND THEY ARE SURE TO KILL THE CHIEFTAIN TOO. SO SHE CRIES AND TELLS THE BOATMAN TO HURRY AND ROW THE BOAT FASTER.

B) THE LADY SAYS SHE PREFERS TO FACE THE DANGERS OF THE STORM THAN HER ANGRY FATHER, BECAUSE HER FATHER WOULD SURELY KILL HER LOVER AND SEPARATE THEM EACH OTHER.
QUESTION 19
QUESTION: THE BOAT HAS LEFT A STORMY LAND
A STORMY SEA BEFORE HER
WHEN, O! TOO STRONG FOR HUMAN HAND,
THE TEMPEST GATHERED O'ER HER.

A) WHAT IS THE REFERENCE TO 'STORMY LAND'?

B) WHAT IS MEAN BY "STORMY SEA"?

C) WHAT IS TOO STRONG FOR HUMAN HANDS?
ANSWER: A) 'STORMY LAND' HERE INDICATES THAT THEY HAVE LEFT THE LAND WHERE AN ANGRY LORD ULLIN AND HIS ARMED MEN WHO HAVE BEEN CHASING THEM ARE. THIS IS A FIGURATIVE EXPRESSION.

B) HERE THE REFERENCE IS LITERAL AS THE SEA IS VERY ROUGH DUE TO THE STORM.

C) THE WAVES IN THE SEA ARE RISING DANGEROUSLY AND THE BOATMAN - WHO IS ONLY THE HUMAN - IS FINDING IT DIFFICULT TO CONTROL THE BOAT AND ALL AROUND THEY HAVE BEEN SURROUNDED BY THE STORM.
QUESTION 20
QUESTION: AND STILL THEY ROW'D AMIDST THE ROAR
OF WATERS FAST PREVAILING
LORD ULLIN REACHED THAT FATAL SHORE;
HIS WRATH WAS CHANGED TO WAILING.

A) WHAT WAS THE IMMINENT DANGER BEFORE THEM?

B) WHAT DOES THE POET MEAN BY 'FATAL"?

C) WHAT WAS THE CHANGE SEEN IN LORD ULLIN?
ANSWER: A) THE IMMINENT DANGER BEFORE THEM WAS THAT THEIR BOAT WAS NOW BEING ENVELOPED BY THE WILD STORM. DUE TO THIS DEATH ALSO SEEMED IMMINENT.

B) THE POET USES THE WORD 'FATAL' BECAUSE WITHIN THE NEXT FEW MOMENTS, LORD ULLIN WHO HAD JUST REACHED THE SHORE THAT MOMENT WAS GOING TO WITNESS THE STORM CLAIMING THE LIFE OF THIS DAUGHTER.

C) LORD ULLIN UNTIL THE POINT WHEN HE REACHED THE SHORE WAS DRIVEN BY ANGER AND WANTED TO KILL THE CHIEFTAIN AT ANY COST, SAW BEFORE HIS EYES, HIS DAUGHTER BEING DROWNED IN THE STORMY WATER. HIS ANGER CHANGED TO WEEPING AT THE TRAGIC SIGHT.

QUESTION 21
QUESTION: FOR, SORE DISMAY'D THROUGH STORM AND SHADE
HIS CHILD HE DID DISCOVER:
ONE LOVELY HAND SHE STRETCHED FOR AID
AND ONE WAS ROUND HER LOVER

A) WHAT DID THE LADY DO WHILE HER BOAT WAS BATTLING THE SEA?
ANSWER: A) THE LADY STRETCHED ONE HAND OUT, ASKING FOR ASSISTANCE AND WITH THE OTHER - SHE GRASPED HER LOVER FIRMLY - FOR SUPPORT AND ALSO TO SHOW SHE DID NOT WANT TO BE SEPARATED FROM HIM.
QUESTION 22
QUESTION: "COME BACK! COME BACK! HE CRIED IN GRIEF
"ACROSS THIS STORMY WATER:
AND I'LL FORGIVE YOUR HIGHLAND CHIEF,
MY DAUGHTER! O MY DAUGHTER!

A) WHO IS THE SPEAKER OF THESE LINES? WHAT IS HIS EMOTIONAL STATE?

B) WHAT IS THE SPEAKER PROMISING IN THE ABOVE LINE?
ANSWER: A) THE SPEAKER IS LORD ULLIN WHO IS FULL OF GRIEF BECAUSE HE CAN SEE HIS DAUGHTER DROWNING BEFORE HIS EYES.

B) LORD ULLIN IS PROMISING TO FORGIVE HIS DAUGHTER FOR THE ELOPEMENT AND ACCEPT THE CHIEFTAIN. HE BEGS THEM TO COME BACK - HE IS NOW A CHANGED MAN.
QUESTION 23
QUESTION: 'TWAS VAIN: THE LOUD WAVES LASHED THE SHORE.
RETURN OR AID PREVENTING:
THE WATER WILD WENT O'ER HIS CHILD
AND HE WAS LEFT LAMENTING

A) WAS IS MEANT WAS 'TWAS VAIN'?

B) WHY WAS LORD ULLIN 'LEFT LAMENTING'?
ANSWER: A) LORD ULLIN WAS BEGGING HIS DAUGHTER AND HER LOVER TO RETURN, PROMISING TO FORGIVE THEM, BUT THE LOUD AND ROUGH WAVES OVERPOWERED THEM AND THEIR RETURN HAD BECOME IMPOSSIBLE; SO ALL HIS PLEAS WERE IN VAIN.

B) NO ONE COULD HELP THE SITUATION - THE STORM WAS TOO-ROUGH AND THE BOAT COULD NOT WITH STAND THE FIERCE SEA AND THEY WERE DROWNED. LORD ULLIN SAW THIS GHASTLY SCENE AND WAS HELPLESS AND COULD ONLY MOURN HIS DAUGHTER'S DEATH.
QUESTION 24
QUESTION: WHAT MAKES "LORD ULLIN'S DAUGHTER" A BALLAD?
ANSWER: A BALLAD IS A POEM WHICH IS SUNG WITH THE ACCOMPANIMENT OF MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS. IT HAS A RHYME SCHEME OF AB, AB WHICH GIVES IT A RHYTHMIC BEAT. IT ALSO HAS MANY POETIC DEVICES LIKE ALLITERATION - WATER WILD, STORM AND SHADE, HUMAN HAND WHICH GIVES IT A MUSICAL SOUND EFFECT. THE SUBJECT MATTER IS ROMANTIC SET IN MEDIAEVAL TIMES, WITH SUSPENSE, ADVENTURE, LOVE AND HATE ALL ADDING COLOUR TO THE POEM. THE TRAGIC END LENDS A DRAMATIC QUALITY TO THE POEM.

MCQ’S

QUESTION 1
QUESTION: THE CHIEFTAIN WAS THE CHIEF OF
1. LOCHGYLE
2. IRELAND
3. LOCHGLEN
4. ULVA'S ISLE
ANSWER: 4
QUESTION 2
QUESTION: THE CHIEFTAIN TOGETHER WITH LORD ULLINS DAUGHTER HAD FLED FOR
1. FIVE DAYS
2. SEVEN DAYS
3. THREE DAYS
4. TWO DAYS
ANSWER: 3
QUESTION 3
QUESTION: "OH HASTE THEE HASTE" WHO SAYS THESE WORDS
1. LORD ULLIN
2. THE CHIEFTAIN
3. LORD ULLIN'S DAUGHTER
4. THE BOATMAN
ANSWER: 3
QUESTION 4
QUESTION: "HIS WRATH WAS CHANGED TO WAITING". THE PERSON BEING REFERRED TO HERE IS
1. THE CHIEFTAIN
2. THE BOATMAN
3. THE SOLDIERS
4. LORD ULLIN
ANSWER: 4
QUESTION 5
QUESTION: LORD ULLIN'S DAUGHTER WAS AFRAID OF
1. THE STORMY SEA
2. THE STORMY WEATHER
3. HER ANGRY FATHER
4. THE ARMED MEN
ANSWER: 3


THE SEVEN AGES

SUMMARY

THE POEM COMMENCES WITH LIFE BEING COMPARED TO A HUGE STAGE WHERE ALL OF US ARE ONLY ACTORS. EACH PERSON HAS AN ENTRY INTO THE WORLD AT BIRTH AND EXITS IT AT DEATH.
ACCORDING TO SHAKESPEARE, EVERY MAN PLAYS SEVERAL PARTS DURING HIS LIFE TIME. ON THE STAGE OF LIFE EVERY MAN HAS SEVEN ACTS. THE FIRST ACT OF MAN IS INFANCY. AT THIS TIME ALL THAT THE BABY DOES IS CRY AND PUKE ON HIS NURSE'S LAP. AFTER HE GOES THROUGH HIS INFANT LIFE, HE EMERGES AS A SCHOOL CHILD WHO SLINGS HIS BAG OVER HIS SHOULDER AND CREEPS MOST UNWILLINGLY TO SCHOOL.
AT THE NEXT STAGE IN LIFE, THE YOUNG MAN IS A LOVER WHO IS BUSY COMPOSING BALLADS FOR HIS BELOVED AND SIGHING DEEPLY FOR HER ATTENTION. HE GRADUATES INTO A BEARDED SOLDIER WHO PROMISES SOLEMNLY TO GUARD HIS COUNTRY. HE IS FILLED WITH NATIONAL PRIDE, IS QUICK TO BE INSULTED AND IS ALWAYS READY TO SPRING UP IN DEFENCE. AT THIS POINT OF TIME HE IS MORE CONCERNED WITH STATUS AND REPUTATION. FROM THE AGILE SOLDIER, HE GOES ON TO BECOME A JUDGE WHOSE WAISTLINE GROWS AS HE BECOMES FATTER AND FATTER. HE WEARS A SHORT, FORMAL BEARD AND HIS EYES BECOME INTENSE. HE IS FULL OF WISDOM, SPEAKING TO EVERYONE IN A JUST AND WISE MANNER.
AFTER HE HAS PLAYED THIS PART, HE GOES INTO THE SIXTH AGE. HE BECOMES THIN, WEARS SPECTACLES, THE SKIN AROUND HIM HANGS LOOSELY. HE IS MADE FUN OF AS BEING A FUNNY OLD MAN. HIS YOUTH HAS BEEN LEFT BEHIND. HIS CLOTHES HANG LOOSELY AROUND HIM AND HIS ONCE MANLY VOICE TURNS INTO A HIGH PITCHED, CHILDISH ONE. WITH THIS, MAN ENTERS THE LAST ACT WHERE HE EXPERIENCES HIS SECOND CHILDHOOD AS HE BECOMES DEPENDENT ON PEOPLE ONCE MORE. HE IS OVERCOME BY SENILITY AND FORGETFULNESS, AS HE LOSES HIS FACULTIES OF SIGHT, HEARING, SMELL AND TASTE, SLOWLY BUT SURELY, AND ULTIMATELY DIES.

QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS

QUESTION 1
QUESTION: WHAT ACCORDING TO SHAKESPEARE ARE THE ACTS IN MAN'S LIFE?
ANSWER: SHAKESPEARE SAYS THAT EVERY MAN GOES THROUGH SEVEN ACTS IN HIS LIFE TIME FROM BIRTH TO DEATH.
QUESTION 2
QUESTION: WHAT IS SHAKESPEARE'S CONCEPT OF LIFE?
ANSWER: SHAKESPEARE CONSIDERS THE WORLD AS ONE HUGE STAGE WHERE ALL OF US ARE ACTORS WHO ARE ENACTING OUR CLEARLY DEFINED ROLES FROM TIME TO TIME.
QUESTION 3
QUESTION: READ THE FOLLOWING AND ANSWER THE QUESTIONS:-

SIGHING LIKE A FURNACE, WITH A WOEFUL BALLAD
MADE TO HIS MISTRESS' EYEBROWS.

A. NAME THE STAGE IN MAN'S LIFE.

B. WHAT IS 'WOEFUL BALLAD'?

C. WHAT IS THE FIGURE OF SPEECH IN THE FIRST LINE?
ANSWER: A. THIS IS THE LOVER'S STAGE.

B. IT REFERS TO THE SAD, ROMANTIC VERSE OR SONG WRITTEN ABOUT HIS TRUE LOVE.

C. THE FIGURE OF SPEECH USED IS SIMILE - 'SIGHING LIKE A FURNACE'
QUESTION 4
QUESTION: "JEALOUS IN HONOUR, SUDDEN AND QUICK IN QUARREL
SEEKING THE BUBBLE REPUTATION
EVEN IN THE CANNON'S MOUTH.

A. WHO IS REFERRED TO HERE?

B. WHAT ARE THE DISTINGUISHING FEATURES OF THE SOLDIER?
ANSWER: A. THE SOLDIER IS REFERRED TO HERE.

B. THE SOLDIER IS QUICKLY DRAWN INTO A FIGHT. HE LAYS GREAT IMPORTANCE ON BEING HONOURABLE. HE IS ALWAYS WORRIED ABOUT HIS REPUTATION AND WILL DO ANYTHING FOR IT, EVEN TO THE EXTENT OF BEING BLOWN UP BY A CANNON.
QUESTION 5
QUESTION: "FOR HIS SHRUNK SHANK, AND HIS BIG MANLY VOICE
TURNING AGAIN TOWARD CHILDISH TREBLE.

A. IN WHICH ACT IS MAN PLAYING THIS PART?

B. WHAT FEATURES OF OLD AGE ARE MENTIONED HERE?
ANSWER: A. HE IS PLAYING THIS PART IN THE SIXTH ACT WHEN MAN HAS REACHED OLD AGE.

B. THE MAN WHO WAS SO STRONG IS GRADUALLY LOSING HIS STRENGTH. HIS LEGS HAVE SHRUNK CONSIDERABLY AND HIS ONCE MANLY VOICE IS BECOMING QUIVERY AND HIGH PITCHED.
QUESTION 6
QUESTION: READ THE FOLLOWING EXTRACTS AND ANSWER THE QUESTIONS THAT FOLLOW:

ALL THE WORLD'S A STAGE
AND ALL THE MEN AND WOMEN MERELY PLAYERS.
THEY HAVE THEIR EXITS AND THEIR ENTRANCES;
AND ONE MAN IN HIS TIME PLAYS MANY PARTS,
THIS ACTS BEING SEVEN AGES.

A) WHAT POETIC DEVICE IS USED IN THE ABOVE LINES?

B) TO WHAT IN MAN'S LIFE DOES THE POET COMPARE THE EXISTS AND ENTRANCES THE STAGE TO?

C) EXPLAIN THE PHRASE "ONE MAN IN HIS TIME"
ANSWER: A) THE POET HAS USED A METAPHOR- A COMPARISON AS HE HAS COMPARED THE WORLD TO A "STAGE" WITH EACH INDIVIDUAL PLAYING PARTS.

B) THE POET COMPARES THE EXITS AND ENTRANCES OF THE STAGE TO DEATH AND BIRTH OF MAN RESPECTIVELY.

C) THE EXTENDED MEANING OF THE PHRASE "ONE MAN IN HIS TIME" IS THE IN THE ENTIRE COURSE OF A PERSON'S LIFETIME.
QUESTION 7
QUESTION: THEN THE WHINING SCHOOLBOY, WITH HIS SATCHEL
AND SHINING MORNING FACE, CREEPING LIKE A SNAIL
UNWILLINGLY TO SCHOOL.

A) WHICH STAGE OF HUMAN LIFE IS DESCRIBED IN THE ABOVE LINES?

B) WHAT ARE THE WORDS OR PHRASES WHICH INDICATE THAT THE BOY IS NOT WILLING TO GO TO SCHOOL?
ANSWER: A) THE SECOND STAGE OF LIFE, THAT IS BOYHOOD OR CHILDREN IS DESCRIBED HERE.

B) THE TWO PHRASES WHICH INDICATE THE BOY'S UNWILLINGNESS TO GO TO SCHOOL ARE

I) WHINING SCHOOL BOY

II) CREEPING LIKE A SNAIL UNWILLINGLY
QUESTION 8
QUESTION: AND THEN THE LOVER,
SIGHING LIKE A FURNACE, WITH A WOEFUL BALLAD
MADE TO HIS MISTRESS'S BROW.

A) WHY DOES THE LOVER SIGH?

B) NAME THE POETIC DEVICE. PICK OUT THE LINE THAT HAS IT.
ANSWER: A) THE LOVER SIGHS AND THIS SOUNDS LIKE A FURNACE AS HE IS PROBABLY DISAPPOINTED OR FRUSTRATED IN LOVE.

B) THE POETIC DEVICE IS A SIMILE - SIGHING LIKE A FURNACE.
QUESTION 9
QUESTION: FULL OF STRANGE OATHS, AND BEARDED LIKE THE PARD,
JEALOUS IN HONOUR, SUDDEN AND QUICK IN QUARREL,
SEEKING THE BUBBLE REPUTATION
EVEN IN THE CANNON'S MOUTH.

A) WHICH STAGE OF HUMAN LIFE IS DESCRIBED IN THE ABOVE LINES. WHAT ARE THE MAIN CHARACTERISTICS OF THIS STAGE?

B) WHAT IS THE "BUBBLE REPUTATION"? HOW IS IT LINKED WITH THE CANNON'S MOUTH?
ANSWER: A) THE FOURTH STAGE OF HUMAN LIFE- THAT IS THE SOLDIER'S STAGE - HAS BEEN DESCRIBED HERE.

THE MAIN CHARACTERISTICS ARE
I) THE SOLIDER MAKE MANY PROMISES.

II) HE IS BEARED AND LOOKS LIKE A LEOPARD

III) HE IS JEALOUS IN MATTERS CONCERNING HONOUR.

IV) HE IS QUICK IN QUARREL.

B) BUBBLE REPUTATION MEAN A SHORT LIVED, TRANSITORY PERIOD OF FAME. A SOLIDER CAN RISK DANGER OR DEATH TO UPHOLD HIS SELF-RESPECT. FACING A CANNON'S MOUTH INVITES SURE DEATH, BUT IT ALSO PROVIDES HONOUR AND GLORY TO THE BRAVE SOLDI
QUESTION 10
QUESTION: AND THEN THE JUSTICE,
IN FAIR ROUND BELLY WITH GOOD CAPON LINED,
WITH EYES, SEVERE AND BEARD OF FORMAL CUT,
FULL OF WISE SAWS AND MODERN INSTANCES,
AND SO HE PLAYS HIS PART.

A) HOW DOES A MAN LOOK IN THIS STAGE OF LIFE?

B) WHAT DOES HE DO TO SHOW HIS WISDOM? WHY?
ANSWER: A) A MAN IS WELL - DRESSED IN THIS STAGE OF LIFE. HE HAS SEVERE EYES AND A FASHIONABLE BEARD. THIS FLAT ROUND BELLY INDICATES HIS LOVE FOR FOOD. IT IS FILLED WITH WELL COOKED CHICKEN.

B) HE QUOTES MANY SAYINGS AND EXAMPLES TO SHOW HIS WISDOM. HE IS A JUDGE AND HE CITES THESE EXAMPLES AND SAYINGS WHILE HEARING AND DECIDING CASES.
QUESTION 11
QUESTION: HOW IS A MAN'S LAST STAGE OF LIFE DESCRIBED?
ANSWER: THE LAST STAGE OF MAN'S LIFE IS DESCRIBED AS "SECOND CHILDISHNESS AND MERE OBLIVION". IN THIS STAGE MAN HAS NO TEETH. HE BABBLES LIKE A CHILD WHEN HE SPEAKS. HIS MEMORY BECOMES WEAK AND HE FORGETS THINGS VERY QUICKLY. HIS EYE SIGHT DETERIORATES AND HE LOOSES HIS SENSE OF TASTE. HE BEHAVES LIKE A CHILD WHO NEEDS TO BE CARED FOR AND HIS INTERNAL ORGANS BEGIN TO LOSE CONTROL. THEREFORE, IT IS DESCRIBED AS SECOND CHILDISHNESS.

MCQ’S

QUESTION 1
QUESTION: THE POET COMPARES THE WORLD TO
1. A STORY BOOK
2. A FILM
3. A STAGE
4. A PLAYGROUND
ANSWER: 3
QUESTION 2
QUESTION: THE POET COMPARES "EXIT" TO
1. BIRTH
2. LIFE
3. DOORS
4. DEATH
ANSWER: 4
QUESTION 3
QUESTION: IN THE SECOND STAGE OF LIFE MAN
1. MEWS AND PUKES
2. GOES TO SCHOOL UNWILLINGLY
3. CRIES IN HIS NURSES LAP
4. SINGS AND PLAYS
ANSWER: 2
QUESTION 4
QUESTION: AS A YOUNG LOVER, ACCORDING TO THE POET, MAN
1. LEARNS TO DANCE
2. COMPOSES BALLADS FOR HIS BELOVED
3. GOES HUNTING IN THE FOREST
4. DOES EXERCISES TO BUILD HIS MUSCLES
ANSWER: 2
QUESTION 5
QUESTION: THE POET DESCRIBES MAN AS A SOLDIER IN THE
1. THIRD STAGE
2. FOURTH STAGE
3. FIFTH STAGE
4. SIXTH STAGE
ANSWER: 2
QUESTION 6
QUESTION: IN THE FIFTH STAGE OF LIFE, MAN IS DESCRIBED AS
1. THE LOVER
2. THE SOLDIER
3. THE JUDGE
4. A SENILE MAN
ANSWER: 3
QUESTION 7
QUESTION: THE SEVENTH STAGE OF MAN IS ALSO DESCRIBED AS
1. INFANCY
2. CHILDHOOD
3. SECOND CHILDHOOD
4. ADULT HOOD
ANSWER: 3
QUESTION 8
QUESTION: "CREEPING LIKE A SNAIL" IS AN EXAMPLE OF
1. METAPHOR
2. ALLITERATION
3. PERSONIFICATION
4. SIMILE
ANSWER: 4
QUESTION 9
QUESTION: THE POEM "SEVEN AGES" IS WRITTEN BY
1. WILLIAM WORDSWORTH
2. WILLIAM SHAKESPEARE
3. WILLIAM GOLDING
4. ALFRES LORD TENNYSON
ANSWER: 2
QUESTION 10
QUESTION: "ALL THE WORLD'S A STAGE AND ALL THE MEN AND WOMEN MERELY _.
1. PUPPETS
2. ACTORS
3. PLAYERS
4. DUMMIES
ANSWER: 3


THE ROAD NOT TAKEN

SUMMARY

THE POEM EXPLORES THE INEVITABLE NEED TO MAKE CHOICES AND ONCE A CHOICE IS MADE AND A PATH IN TRAVERSED ON THERE IS NO RETURNING.
MANY ARE THE INSTANCES WHEN WE ARE FACED WITH THE NEED TO MAKE A CHOICE. WE PONDER OVER MANY FACTORS. THEN FOR VARIOUS REASONS THAT SEEMS PERFECT FOR US, WE MAKE THE SELECTION. WE DECIDE ON ONE COURSE OF ACTION. YEARS LATER WE LOOK BACK AND WONDER IF THE CHOICE WAS THE RIGHT ONE.
ROBERT FROST IN THE FIRST STANZA EXPLAINS THAT IN THE MIDDLE OF A YELLOW WOOD THERE CAME A FORK WHERE THE PATH DIVERGED INTO TWO SEPARATE PATHS. THE POET COULD SEE ONLY UNTIL THE PATHS WERE LOST INTO THE UNDERGROWTH.
BOTH THE PATHS LOOKED EQUALLY INVITING. ONE OF THEM WAS MORE GRASSY -WHICH PERHAPS MEANT THAT IT WAS THE ONE THAT WAS USED BY VERY FEW.
BUT THAT MORNING BOTH THE PATHS LAY EQUALLY FRESH. NOT A LEAF HAD BEEN BLACKENED BY A HEAVY FOOT BALL. THE POET MAKES UP HIS MIND. HE CHOOSES ONE OF THE 2 AND LEAVES THE OTHER TO BE EXPLORED ANOTHER DAY. BUT EVEN HE WONDERS WHETHER HE WOULD EVER RETURN TO TRY OUT THE OTHER ONE.
EVEN AT THE MOMENT OF DECISION HE IS AWARE THAT HE HAS PROCEEDED ON A PATH THAT WAS NOT THE CHOICE OF MANY. HE IS AWARE THAT THIS DECISION OF HIS TO OPT FOR A PATH NOT MUCH TRAVELLED BY WOULD AFFECT HIS WHOLE LIFE. THERE IS NO HINT OF REGRET AT THIS DECISION. IT IS STATED AS A MERE FACT OF LIFE.

QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS

QUESTION 1
QUESTION: WHAT IS A WOOD?
ANSWER: A CLUSTER OF TREES GROWING WILD, A MINI FOREST.
QUESTION 2
QUESTION: WHAT DID THE POET SEE IN THE YELLOW WOOD?
ANSWER: THE POET SAW TWO PATHS DIVERGING IN DIFFERENT DIRECTIONS.
QUESTION 3
QUESTION: HOW WAS ONE PATH DIFFERENT FROM THE OTHER?
ANSWER: ONE WAS GREENER; IT HAD MORE GRASS AND SEEMED LESS USED.
QUESTION 4
QUESTION: WHICH PATH HAD BEEN WALKED ON THAT MORNING BEFORE THE POET TRAVELLED ON ONE?
ANSWER: NONE OF THEM HAD BEEN USED.
QUESTION 5
QUESTION: WHEN THE POET CHOSE ONE OF THE PATHS WHAT DID HE HOPE TO DO?
ANSWER: COME BACK AND FRY THE OTHER PATH.
QUESTION 6
QUESTION: I SHALL BE TELLING THIS WITH A SIGH
SOMEWHERE AGES AND AGES HENCE:
TWO ROADS DIVERGED IN A WOOD, AND I —
I TOOK THE ONE LESS TRAVELLED BY,
AND THAT HAS MADE ALL THE DIFFERENCE.

STANZA 4 RELATES A SIMPLE EXPERIENCE IN A WOOD TO REAL LIFE EXPERIENCES. ELUCIDATE.
ANSWER: THIS STANZA COMPARES THE PATH TO LIFE ITSELF. IN LIFE WE HAVE TO TAKE DECISIONS THAT WILL DECIDE THE WHOLE FUTURE OR THE COURSE OUR LIFE WILL TAKE.
QUESTION 7
QUESTION: DOES THE POET REGRET HIS DECISION.
ANSWER: THE POEM DOES NOT HAVE THE MOOD OF REGRET BUT MERE STATING OF A FACT OF LIFE. HE USES THE WORD 'SIGH' TO CONVEY DEEP THOUGHTS.
QUESTION 8
QUESTION: THE POET HAS COMPARED LIFE TO A FORK IN THE PATH TO SHOW THE DECISIONS WE NEED TO TAKE IN LIFE. WHAT WOULD A COMPARISON OF LIFE TO THE FOLLOWING DEPICT?

A) LIFE IS A SEESAW
B) LIFE IS A CELEBRATION
C) LIFE IS AN ADVENTURE
D) LIFE IS A JOURNEY
ANSWER: A) UPS AND DOWNS

B) MANY HAPPY MOMENTS

C) SO MANY GOALS TO ACHIEVE, HARDSHIPS TO OVERCOME

D) WE MEET PEOPLE, EXPERIENCE INCIDENTS, ULTIMATELY REACHING THE DESTINATION OF GOD.
QUESTION 9
QUESTION: READ THE EXTRACTS GIVEN BELOW AND ANSWER THE QUESTIONS THAT FOLLOW:

TWO ROADS DIVERGED IN A YELLOW WOOD,
AND SORRY, I COULD NOT TRAVEL BOTH
AND BE ONE TRAVELER, LONG I STOOD
AND LOOKED DOWN ONE AS FAR I COULD;
TO WHERE IT BENT IN THE UNDERGROWTH,

A) WHERE DID THE POET STAND? WHAT DID HE SEE?

B) WHY DID THE POET STAND THERE FOR "LONG"?

C) WHY DOES THE POET DESCRIBE THE WOODS AS YELLOW?
ANSWER: A) THE POET STOOD AT A POINT WHERE TWO ROAD DIVERGED IN A FOREST. IT WAS AUTUMN AND THE LEAVES OF THE TREES HAD TURNED YELLOW AND WERE FALLING.

B) THE POET STOOD THERE FOR "LONG" AS HE WAS THINKING WHICH ROAD HE SHOULD CHOOSE. THE POET HERE IS USING 'ROADS' AS SYMBOLS OF CHOICES IN LIFE ONE MAKES.

C) IT IS AUTUMN TIME AND THE LEAVES HAVE TURNED FROM GREEN TO BROWN TO YELLOW AND THE ENTIRE FOREST LOOKS LIKE THIS SO HE HAS DESCRIBED IT AS YELLOW.
QUESTION 10
QUESTION: THEN TOOK THE OTHER, AS JUST AS FAIR,
AND HAVING PERHAPS THE BETTER CLAIM,
BECAUSE IT WAS GRASSY AND WANTED WEAR,
THOUGH AS FOR THAT THE PASSING THESE
HAD WORN THEM REALLY ABOUT THE SAME.

A) WHICH ROAD DID THE POET TAKE?

B) WHY DID THE POET TAKE THE "OTHER" ROAD?
ANSWER: A) THE POET TOOK THE OTHER ROAD; MEANING THE ROAD THAT WAS NOT TAKEN BY MOST OF THE TRAVELLERS.

B) THE POET TOOK THE ROAD LESS TRAVELLED BY - WHICH IS THE OTHER ROAD, BECAUSE IT LOOKED EQUALLY ATTRACTIVE, AND IT 'LOOKED GRASSY AND NEEDED PEOPLE TO WALK ON IT SO IT WOULD LOOK AS WORN OUT OR TRAVELLED ON AS THE ONE THAT HE DID NOT CHOOSE TO GO ON.

QUESTION 11
QUESTION: AND BOTH THAT MORNING EQUALLY LAY
IN LEAVES NO STEP HAD TRODDEN BLACK
OH, I KEPT THE FIRST FOR ANOTHER DAY!
YET KNOWING HOW WAY LEADS ON TO WAY,
I DOUBTED IF I SHOULD EVER COME BACK.

A) HOW DID BOTH THE ROADS LOOK LIKE THAT MORNING?

B) EXPLAIN: "OH I KEPT THE FIRST FOR ANOTHER DAY!"

C) WHAT DOES THE POET MEAN WHEN THE SAYS "WAY LEADS ON TO WAY"?

D) WHAT DID THE POET DOUBT?
ANSWER: A) BOTH THE ROADS WERE EQUALLY COVERED BY LEAVES INDICATING THAT THEY HAD NOT BE TRAMPLED OR WALKED OVER BY ANYONE THAT MORNING. THEY HAD FRESHLY FALLEN AND THEREFORE DID NOT LOOK BLACK.

B) THE POET DECIDED THAT HE WOULD WALK ON THE FIRST ROAD SOME OTHER DAY. NOW HE WANTED TO WALK ON THE SECOND ROAD AS IT WAS GRASSY AND WANTED SOMEONE TO MAKE IT WORN OUT. SO HE EXERCISE HIS CHOICE IN FAVOUR OF THE SECOND ROAD.

C) THE POET SAYS THAT ONE ROAD LEADS TO ANOTHER AND SO AS ONE GOES AHEAD AND FURTHER AHEAD, ONE CAN HARDLY RETRACE ONE'S STEPS AND GO BACK TO THE BEGINNING AND START ANEW.

D) AFTER MAKING HIS CHOICE OF GOING ON THE SECOND ROAD, THE POET FEELS HE MAY NOT BE ABLE TO RETRACE HIS STEPS AND WALK ON THE FIRST ROAD - THAT IS BEGIN ALL OVER AGAIN; EVEN THOUGH HE WISHES HE COULD DO SO. HE REALIZES THAT AS ONE GOES AHEAD IN LIFE - ONE FINDS IT DIFFICULT TO GO BACK - ONE ONLY GOES FORWARD.
QUESTION 12
QUESTION: I SHALL BE TELLING THIS WITH A SIGH
SOMEWHERE AGES AND AGES HENCE:
TWO ROAD DIVERGED IN A WOOD, AND I -
I TOOK THE ONE LESS TRAVELED BY,
AND THAT HAS MADE ALL THE DIFFERENCE.

A) WHY DOES THE POET SAY HE SHALL TELL PEOPLE 'THIS WITH A SIGH'?

B) WHAT DOES THE POET MEAN BY "I TOOK THE ONE LESS TRAVELED BY"?

C) WHAT "DIFFERENCE" HAS BEEN MADE BY HIS CHOICE?
ANSWER: A) THE POET WISHES TO WALK ON THE ROAD THAT HE HAS NOT CHOSEN, BUT HE HAS ACCEPTED THE FACT THAT ONCE A CHOICE IS MADE IT IS DIFFICULT TO GO BACK ON IT. SO IF WHEN EXPLAINING IT PEOPLE WHY HE CHOSE WHAT HE CHOSE, HE WILL JUSTIFY HIS CHOICE WITH A SIGH- INDICATING THAT HE COULD NOT CHOOSE BOTH, HE CHOSE ONE AND THAT IS THE FACT OF LIFE.

B) "I TOOK THE ONE LESS TRAVELED BY' INDICATES THAT THE POET MADE A CHOICE NOT EXERCISED BY A MAJORITY OF PEOPLE.

C) THE POET HAS MADE A DECISION TO CHOOSE THE ROAD LESS TRAVELED BY - NOT MANY HAVE TAKEN THE ROAD THAT HE HAS CHOSEN. HE IS WHAT HE IS TODAY BECAUSE OF THE CHOICE HE MADE SEVERAL YEARS AGO. IF HE HAD CHOSEN A DIFFERENT PATH, HE WOULD NOT BE WHAT HE WAS TODAY, HE WOULD HAVE BEEN A DIFFERENT PERS
QUESTION 13
QUESTION: WHAT IS THE CENTRAL THEME OF THE POEM "THE ROAD NOT TAKEN"?
ANSWER: IIN THIS POEM "THE ROAD NOT TAKEN", ROBERT FROST BEAUTIFULLY DESCRIBES THE CHOICES WE MAKE IN LIFE AND ITS IMPACT ON OUR FUTURE.

WHAT CHOICE WE MAKE TODAY HAS A GREAT EFFECT ON WHO WE BECOME TOMORROW. WHEN WE REACH A POINT WHERE CHOICES HAVE TO BE MADE BY US HOW DO WE MAKE OUR DECISIONS - DO WE DO WHAT EVERYONE ELSE DOES AND FIND A SOLUTION, OR DO WE DO WHAT FEW PEOPLE HAVE DONE AND FIND OUR OWN SOLUTION.

WE CANNOT DO BOTH, HOWEVER MUCH WE MAY WANT TO AS ONCE WE MAKE A CHOICE, IT BECOMES DIFFICULT TO RETRACE OUR STEPS. WE THUS END UP BECOMING WHAT WE ARE DUE TO THE CHOICE WE HAVE MADE EARLIER. THEREFORE, MAKING THE "RIGHT" CHOICE IS VERY IMPORTANT. WE MUST MAKE OUR CHOICE BASED ON WHAT WE WANT RATHER THAN WHAT THE OTHERS OR THE MAJORITY HAVE DONE. THE ENTIRE POEM IS A METAPHOR - THE ROADS ARE BEING COMPARED TO THE DECISIONS WE MAKE IN LIFE.

MCQ’S

QUESTION 1
QUESTION: THE POET STOOD AT THE INTERSECTION OF
1. CROSSROADS
2. TWO ROADS
3. A ROUNDABOUT
4. THREE ROADS
ANSWER: 2
QUESTION 2
QUESTION: THE POET FELT SORRY BECAUSE
1. HE COULD NOT SEE THE ROADS WELL
2. HE COULD NOT TRAVEL ON BOTH THE ROADS
3. HE DID NOT KNOW THE DIRECTION
4. THE ROADS WERE BUMPY
ANSWER: 2
QUESTION 3
QUESTION: THE POET TOOK THE ROAD
1. TO THE RIGHT
2. TO THE LEFT
3. THE ONE LESS TRAVELLED BY
4. THE ONE MOST PEOPLE TRAVELLED BY
ANSWER: 3
QUESTION 4
QUESTION: THE POEM DEPICTS
1. CONFLICTS IN LIFE
2. CHOICES WE MAKE IN LIFE
3. CONFUSION IN OURS LIFE
4. PROBLEMS WE FACE IN LIFE
ANSWER: 2
QUESTION 5
QUESTION: THE ENTIRE POEM IS
1. A SIMILE
2. A METAPHOR
3. A PERSONIFICATION
4. A BALLAD
ANSWER: 2
QUESTION 6
QUESTION: THE POEM IS WRITTEN BY
1. WILLIAM WORDSWORTH
2. THOMAS CAMPBELL
3. ALFRED LORD TENNYSON
4. ROBERT FROST
ANSWER: 4


I CANNOT REMBER MY MOTHER

SUMMARY

'I CANNOT REMEMBER MY MOTHER' IS A GENTLE NOSTALGIC POEM WRITTEN BY 'GURU' RABINDRANATH TAGORE. TAGORE IS ONE OF THE GREATEST POETS OF MODERN INDIA (1861 - 1941). THE NATIONAL ANTHEM OF INDIA WAS COMPOSED BY HIM. HIS SONG 'AMAAR SONAR BANGLA' IS THE NATIONAL ANTHEM OF BANGLADESH. HE HAS COMPOSED MORE THAN 2000 SONGS AND A COLLECTION OF HIS STORIES POEMS AND ESSAYS ETC COMES TO 26 VOLUMES. HE WROTE IN BENGALI. HIS WORKS HAVE NOW BEEN TRANSLATED INTO MANY LANGUAGES. HE STARTED THE EXPERIMENTAL SCHOOL IN SHANTINIKETAN. HE WAS AWARDED THE NOBEL PRIZE IN LITERATURE FOR HIS COLLECTION OF POEMS 'GITANJALI'.
THE PARENTS OF RABINDRANATH WERE VERY WEALTHY AND HAD AN ACTIVE SOCIAL LIFE. RABINDRANATH HAD MANY BROTHERS AND SISTERS TO TAKE CARE OF HIM. HIS MOTHER PASSED AWAY WHEN HE WAS STILL YOUNG. IN THIS POEM, HE EXPRESSES HIS INABILITY TO ACTUALLY RECALL THE FACE OR THE FEATURES OF HIS MOTHER. BUT OFTEN A SMELL OR A TUNE TRIGGERED OFF IN HIM HAPPY MOMENTS THAT HE SHARED WITH HIS MOTHER.
WHEN HE LOOKS AT HIS PLAYTHINGS HE SEEMS TO BE ABLE TO HEAR A TUNE. PERHAPS HIS MOTHER OFTEN SANG THE SAME SONG AS SHE ROCKED HIM TO SLEEP IN THE CRADLE. HE RECALLS THIS TUNE AS HE TOUCHES HIS OLD TOYS.
IN AUTUMN, THE SHIULI TREE IN BENGAL BLOSSOMS INTO FRAGRANT TINY FLOWERS WHICH ARE USED FOR WORSHIP. HIS MOTHER WOULD STRING THE FLOWERS FOR THE MORNING SERVICE AT THE TEMPLE. SO THE POWERFUL FRAGRANCE OF THE SHIULI FLOWERS WOULD TRIGGER OFF HAPPY MEMORIES OF HIS MOTHER.
HE CAN RECALL THE QUIET SERENE GAZE OF HIS MOTHER WHEN HE LOOKS AT THE VAST EXPANSE OF THE CLEAR BLUE SKY.
THE SIMPLE LINES OF THE POEM ELOQUENTLY REVEAL THE DEEP SEATED EMOTIONAL BONDING THAT THE POET HAD WITH HIS MOTHER. IT MAKES US REALISE THE GREAT IMPACT HER QUIET DIGNITY HAD ON THE POET EVEN AT THAT TENDER AGE, FOR THE POET RECALLS EXPERIENCES OF HIS INFANCY AND PRE - SCHOOL DAYS.

QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS

QUESTION 1
QUESTION: WHAT DID THE MOTHER USUALLY DO WHILE ROCKING HIS CRADLE?
ANSWER: SING A PARTICULAR SONG.
QUESTION 2
QUESTION: WHAT DID HIS PLAYTHINGS REMIND HIM OF?
ANSWER: THE TUNE OF A SONG THAT HIS MOTHER OFTEN SANG.
QUESTION 3
QUESTION: WHAT MEMORIES DOES AUTUMN BRING ON?
ANSWER: THE SHIULI FLOWERS BLOOM AND SPREAD THEIR FRAGRANCE IN AUTUMN. THIS REMINDS HIM OF HIS MOTHERS VISITS TO THE TEMPLE WITH THE FLOWERS.
QUESTION 4
QUESTION: WHY DOES THE SKY REMIND HIM OF HIS MOTHER?
ANSWER: PERHAPS AS A CHILD HE WAS TOLD THAT HIS MOTHER WAS ABOVE IN THE HEAVENS. THE CALMNESS OF THE BLUE SKY REMINDS HIM OF HIS MOTHER'S SERENE GAZE.
QUESTION 5
QUESTION: READ THE GIVEN EXTRACT AND ANSWER THE QUESTIONS.

'A TUNE SEEMS TO HOVER OVER MY PLAYTHINGS'.

A) WHAT DOES 'HOVER' MEAN?

B) WHAT TUNE DOES HE RECALL?
ANSWER: A) THE FLY AROUND IN THE SAME PLACE.

B) THE TUNE OF THE SONG THAT HIS MOTHER USED TO HUM WHILE ROCKING HIS CRADLE.
QUESTION 6
QUESTION: READ THE GIVEN EXTRACT AND ANSWER THE QUESTIONS.

"I CANNOT REMEMBER MY MOTHER".

A) WHY CAN HE NOT REMEMBER HER?

B) HE SAYS THIS LINE REPEATEDLY, BUT OFTEN REMEMBERS HER. EXPLAIN.
ANSWER: A) SHE DIED AT A YOUNG AGE.

B) IT IS CLEAR THAT CERTAIN SMELLS, SOUNDS AND ASSOCIATIONS MAKE HIM OFTEN THINK OF HER BUT HE CANNOT ACTUALLY RECALL HER FACE.
QUESTION 7
QUESTION: READ THE GIVEN EXTRACT AND ANSWER THE QUESTIONS.

"SHIULI FLOWERS FLOATS IN THE AIR".

A) MENTION ANY 3 ASPECTS OF THE SHIULI FLOWERS.
ANSWER: A) IT HAS A POWERFUL FRAGRANCE

B) IT BLOSSOMS IN AUGUST

C) IT IS USED IN WORSHIP
QUESTION 8
QUESTION: READ THE FOLLOWING EXTRACTS AND ANSWER THE QUESTIONS THAT FOLLOW:

I CANNOT REMEMBER MY MOTHER
ONLY SOMETIMES IN THE MIDST OF MY PLAY
A TUNE SEEMS TO HOVER OVER MY PLAYTHINGS
THE TUNE OF SOME SONG THAT SHE USED TO
HUM WHILE ROCKING MY CRADLE

A) WHAT IS THE POET DOING WHEN HE REMEMBERS HIS MOTHER?

B) WHAT IS IT THAT REMINDS THE POET OF HIS MOTHER?

C) WHEN DID THE POET'S MOTHER HUM THE SONG?
ANSWER: A) THE POET REMEMBERS HIS MOTHER WHEN HE IS PLAYING WITH HIS PLAYTHINGS.

B) WHEN THE POET PLAYS WITH HIS TOYS, HE CAN HEAR A TUNE HOVERING OVER HIS PLAYTHINGS, A TUNE THAT HIS MOTHER USED TO HUM WHEN SHE USED TO ROCK HIS CRADLE.

C) THE POET'S MOTHER HUMMED THAT SONG WHEN HE WAS AN INFANT IN THE CRADLE AND SHE NEED TO ROCK HIS CRADLE PROBABLY TRYING TO PUT HIM TO SLEEP.
QUESTION 9
QUESTION: I CANNOT REMEMBER MY MOTHER
BUT WHEN IN THE EARLY AUTUMN MORNING
THE SMELL OF SHIULI FLOWERS FLOATS IN THE AIR
THE SCENT OF THE MORNING SERVICE IN THE TEMPLE COME TO ME AS THE SCENT OF MY MOTHER.

A) WHAT IS IT THAT OCCURS IN AUTUMN THAT REMINDS THE POET OF HIS MOTHER?

B) WHAT DID THE MOTHER DO WITH THE SHIULI FLOWERS?
ANSWER: A) THE SMELL OF SHIULI FLOWERS FLOATS IN THE AIR IN THE AUTUMN.

B) IN AUTUMN, WHEN THE SHIULI FLOWERS WERE ABUNDANT, THE POET'S MOTHER OFFERED THEM AT THE TEMPLE WHERE SHE USED TO GO TO PRAY.
QUESTION 10
QUESTION: I CANNOT REMEMBER MY MOTHER
ONLY WHEN FROM MY BEDROOM WINDOW I SEND
MY EYES INTO THE BLUE OF THE DISTANT SKY,
I FEEL THAT THE STILLNESS OF MY MOTHER'S GAZE ON MY FACE
HAS SPREAD ALL OVER THE SKY.

A) WHY DO YOU THINK THE POET LOOKS OUT INTO THE DISTANT SKY?

B) EXPLAIN "I FEEL THAT THE STILLNESS OF MY MOTHER'S GAZE ON MY FACE HAS SPREAD ALL OVER THE SKY"
ANSWER: A) THE POET REMEMBERS HIS MOTHER. HE LOOKS OUT INTO THE DISTANT SKY TO FIND HER THERE. IT IS SAID THAT HUMANS - AFTER DEATH GO UP TO HEAVEN - AFTER DEATH AND HEAVEN, IT IS BELIEVED IS UP IN THE SKY. SO HE LOOKS UP TO THE SKY TO SEE IF SHE IS THERE.

B) THE MEMORY OF THE GAZE OF THE MOTHER GETS REFLECTED IN THE BLUE SKY ABOVE. WHEN THE POET LOOKS UP INTO THE SKY, HE FEELS HIS MOTHER'S GAZE GETS REFLECTED INTO IT, LOOKING AT HIM.
QUESTION 11
QUESTION: HOW DOES THE POET BRING OUT THE TENDER FEELINGS OF THE CHILD TOWARDS HIS MOTHER WHO IS NOW NO MORE?
ANSWER: "I CANNOT REMEMBER MY MOTHER" IN AN EMOTIONAL EXPRESSION OF A CHILD'S MEMORY OF HIS MOTHER WHO IS DEAD. THE CHILD MISSES HIS MOTHER AND STARTS REMINISCING ABOUT HER AS HE PLAY WITH HIS TOYS. HE RECOLLECTS THE TUNE SHE USED TO HUM WHEN SHE USED TO ROCK HIS CRADLE. THE SWEET SMELL OF THE SHIULI FLOWERS WHICH SHE USED TO OFFER IN THE TEMPLE DURING THE AUTUMN SEASON AND WHICH NOW POMADES THE AIR ALSO BRINGS BACK TENDER FEELINGS AND THOUGHTS OF HIS MOTHER. WHEN HE LOOKS UP IN THE SKY, HE FEELS HE CAN SEE HER GAZE SPREADING ACROSS THE ENTIRE SKY WHICH MEANS THAT SHE IS UP IN HEAVEN AND HAS BECOME AN INTEGRAL PART OF THIS UNIVERSE.

THUS, WHEN THE CHILD LOOKS AT THINGS, HIS HEART IS FILLED WITH TENDERNESS AT THE MEMORY OF HIS MOTHER.

MCQ’S

QUESTION 1
QUESTION: RABINDRANATH TAGORE WON THE
1. OSCAR AWARD
2. BOOKER PRIZE
3. EMMY AWARDS
4. NOBEL PRIZE
ANSWER: 4
QUESTION 2
QUESTION: IN AUTUMN, THE POET CAN SMELL THE FRAGRANCE OF
1. THE JASMINE FLOWERS
2. THE ROSE
3. THE SHIULI FLOWERS
4. THE LILIES
ANSWER: 3
QUESTION 3
QUESTION: THE POET'S TOYS REMIND HIM OF
1. THE TUNE HIS MOTHER SANG TO HIM
2. THE GIFTS HIS MOTHER GAVE HIM FOR HIS BIRTHDAY
3. THE FUN HE HAD AS A CHILD
4. THE FRIENDS HE PLAYED WITH
ANSWER: 2
QUESTION 4
QUESTION: WHEN THE POET LOOKS UP AT THE SKY, HE SEES
1. BEAUTIFUL BIRDS FLYING
2. WHITE CLOUDS FLOATING
3. HIS MOTHER'S GAZE SPREADING
4. AN AEROPLANE FLYING
ANSWER: 3
QUESTION 5
QUESTION: THROUGHOUT THE POEM, THE POET DESCRIBES HIS MEMORIES OF HIS
1. FATHER
2. MOTHER
3. BROTHER
4. SISTER
ANSWER: 2


MIRABAI

SUMMARY

THE PLAY 'MIRABAI', BY E.L TURNBULL IS AN EXTRACT FROM 'SCENES FROM THE LIFE OF SAINT MIRABAI'. THE SHORT EXTRACT REVEALS THE CHARACTER OF THE GREAT SAINT AND COMPOSER MIRABAI.
MIRABAI, THE PRINCESS OF MERTA HAS BEEN MARRIED TO BHOJRAJ, THE SON OF THE FAMOUS RANA SANGA, THE RULER OF MEWAR. MIRABAI HAS SINCE MOVED TO MEWAR. SHE IS THE TOPIC OF DISCUSSION AT THE TIME THE PLAY OPENS. RANA SANGA, THE RANI, BHOJRAJ AND MIRABAI'S COUSIN, JAIMALL HAVE GATHERED TOGETHER. THE RANI IS DISSATISFIED WITH MIRABAI'S BEHAVIOUR AND CONDUCT IN WORSHIPPING LORD KRISHNA IN PREFERENCE TO THE GODDESS DURGA, THE RULING DEITY OF THE HOUSE OF MEWAR. THE RANI IS ALSO OF THE OPINION THAT MIRABAI IS CHEEKY AND DEFIANT AND THAT THE GIRL NEEDS TO BE ADVISED BY THE RANA. BHOJRAJ HAS NO STRONG COMPLAINT TO MAKE, EXCEPT THAT MIRABAI IS MORE ENGROSSED IN HER DEVOTION TO LORD KRISHNA THAN IN CARRYING OUT HER DUTIES TO HIM.
JAIMALL IS QUICK TO DEFEND MIRABAI'S SENSE OF PIETY. HIS WORDS ANGER THE RANI EVEN MORE, AND JAIMALL IS ASKED TO WITHDRAW. BHOJRAJ LEAVES BEFORE THE RANA MEETS MIRABAI, WHILE THE RANI WITHDRAWS INTO AN INNER ROOM TO LISTEN TO THE CONVERSATION.
MIRABAI ENTERS IN RANA'S PRESENCE RESPECTFULLY AND SPEAKS WITH HER CHARACTERISTIC HUMILITY. BUT WHEN THE RANA REFERS TO HER WORSHIP OF LORD KRISHNA, SHE IS FIRM IN HER CONVICTION. SHE HOLDS FAST TO HER BELIEF IN HER LORD, AND THIS MAKES THE RANA IMPATIENT. HE IS UNABLE TO UNDERSTAND HER AND SENDS HER AWAY, ADVISING HER TO GIVE UP 'BROODING', DRESS HERSELF UP AND SET ABOUT AMUSING HERSELF.
THE SECOND SCENE IS SET IN MIRABAI'S CHAMBER. HER TRUSTED OLD NURSE AND HER ATTENDANT SANJOGTA ARE IN CONVERSATION ABOUT MIRABAI'S IMPRISONMENT IN HER ROOM. THE OLD NURSE SPEAKS OF THE DANGERS LURKING IN THE PALACE AND THE UNTRUSTWORTHINESS OF ALL THE RANI'S ATTENDANTS. WHILE THEY ARE TALKING, ONE OF THE RANI'S ATTENDANTS COMES IN SEARCH OF MIRABAI. SHE HEARS MIRABAI SINGING AND CONVERSING WITH HER LORD. THE ATTENDANT CLAIMS SHE HAS A MESSAGE FROM JAIMALL TO MIRABAI.
SHE INFORMS MIRABAI THAT JAIMALL WOULD COME TO HER RESCUE AT ONCE WHENEVER SHE GAVE HIM A SIGN (TOKEN). MIRABAI SENDS THE ATTENDANT BACK SAYING THAT SHE NEEDS NOTHING, THUS RELIEVING HER OLD NURSE OF HER ANXIETY. SHE IS FEARFUL OF MIRABAI'S SAFETY IN THE PALACE, BUT THERE IS LITTLE THAT ONE CAN DO.
AN ATTENDANT WALKS INTO THE CHAMBER HOLDING A TRAY WITH A GOLDEN GOBLET CONTAINING CHARANAMRIT. THE NURSE IS HORRIFIED AND COLLAPSES AND SANJOGTA IS EQUALLY STRICKEN, FOR ALL OF THEM KNOW THAT THE GOBLET CONTAINS POISON THAT WOULD KILL MIRABAI. BUT MIRABAI CALMLY ACCEPTS THE GOBLET, AND DRINKS IT SAYING SHE WOULD DIE WITH HONOUR FOR THE HOUSE OF THE MERTA. ALL THE WHILE MIRABAI IS IMMERSED IN HER WORSHIP OF HER DEAR LORD. SHE IS FERVENTLY SINGING TO HIM, OBLIVIOUS OF THE WONDER OF THE PEOPLE. SANJOGTA CRIES OUT IN AWE THAT IT IS A MIRACLE THAT MIRABAI IS STILL ALIVE.THE NURSE SAYS THAT HER SWEET BLOOD, FULL OF DEVOTION FOR HER LORD, IS SO PURE, THAT DEATH WHICH LURKED IN THE GOBLET WAS OVERCOME WITH SHAME AND SLUNK AWAY. THE PLAY ENDS WITH MIRABAI WALKING QUIETLY ACROSS THE ROOM AND DISAPPEARING INTO HER ROOM.

QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS

QUESTION 1
QUESTION: COMPARE AND CONTRAST BHOJRAJ AND JAIMALL.
ANSWER: BHOJRAJ WAS THE SON OF THE RANA OF MEWAR. HE BELONGED TO AN ILLUSTRIOUS FAMILY OF WARRIORS. HOWEVER, BHOJRAJ WAS QUITE DIFFERENT. HE WAS A WEAK-WILLED MAN. HE LET HIS MOTHER DOMINATE HIS LIFE. HE WAS MARRIED TO MIRABAI, WHO SPENT HER TIME WORSHIPPING KRISHNA. IT WAS HIS MOTHER WHO OBJECTED TO HER PRACTICES. BHOJRAJ HAD LITTLE SAY IN THE MATTER. HE WAS UNWILLING TO FACE MIRABAI IN THE COMPANY OF HIS FATHER, NOR WAS HE ABLE TO DEFEND HER WHEN HIS MOTHER SPOKE AGAINST HER.

JAIMALL WAS MIRABAI'S COUSIN AND BELONGED TO THE ROYAL FAMILY OF MERTA. HE WAS A COURAGEOUS YOUNG MAN WHO WAS GREATLY APPRECIATED BY THE RANA. HE CARRIED HIMSELF WITH DIGNITY. WHEN THE RANI INSULTED MIRABAI, JAIMALL WAS QUICK TO COME TO HER DEFENCE. HE WAS PROUD OF HIS FAMILY'S HONOUR. HE BELIEVED THAT HIS COUSIN HAD DONE NO WRONG AND HAD THE COURAGE TO SAY SO IN THE PRESENCE OF RANA SANGA AND THE RANI. IT SEEMS EVIDENT IN THE PLAY THAT THE RANA RESPECTED JAIMALL MORE THAN HIS SON BHOJRAJ.
QUESTION 2
QUESTION: READ THE FOLLOWING EXTRACT AND ANSWER THE QUESTIONS:

"THE WOMEN OF THAT HOUSE ARE ALL THE SAME, CONTRARY CREATURES ALWAYS WANTING SOMETHING THAT THIS WORLD OF OURS DOES NOT PROVIDE.

A. WHO IS THE SPEAKER? WHO IS BEING SPOKEN ABOUT?

B. WHY IS MIRABAI A 'CONTRARY CREATURE'?

C. WHAT ASPECT OF MIRABAI'S CHARACTER IS SEEN HERE?
ANSWER: A. THE RANI IS THE SPEAKER. SHE SAYS THIS ABOUT MIRABAI.

B. MIRABAI WORSHIPPED LORD KRISHNA INSTEAD OF GODDESS DURGA, THE FAMILY DEITY OF MEWAR. THIS ANGERS THE RANI BECAUSE SHE FEELS THAT SHE DOES THE OPPOSITE OF WHAT IS TOLD TO HER.

C. MIRABAI IS A GIRL WHO WAS INDEPENDENT IN THOUGHT. HER FAITH IN LORD KRISHNA DOES NOT DIMINISH IN ANY WAY, DESPITE THE RANI'S ORDERS.
QUESTION 3
QUESTION: READ THE FOLLOWING EXTRACT AND ANSWER THE QUESTIONS:

"SO LONG AS SHE DOES NOT SHIRK HER WEDDED DUTY, OR BRING REPROACH UPON THE NOBLE NAME SHE BEARS.

A. WHO SAYS THIS AND ABOUT WHOM?

B. WHY DOES THE RANA SAY THIS?

C. WHAT KIND OF A MAN WAS RANA SANGA?
ANSWER: A.THIS IS SAID BY RANA SANGA ABOUT MIRABAI.

B. THE RANI HAS COMPLAINED TO THE RANA ABOUT MIRABAI'S DEVOTIONS, ACCUSING HER OF PRAYING TOO MUCH. BUT THE RANA IS JUST, AND SAYS THAT HER DEVOTION IS NO FAULT AS LONG AS SHE IS A GOOD WIFE AND HER ACTIONS LIVE UP TO THE HONOUR HER NAME BEARS. IT IS EVIDENT THAT THE RANA SYMPATHISES WITH AND RESPECTS MIRABAI.

C. RANA SANGHA WAS JUST. HE WAS FAIR IN JUDGING PEOPLE. HE BELIEVED THAT MIRABAI'S ACT OF PRAYER WAS NOT TO BE FOUND FAULT WITH. THIS SHOWS HIS BROADMINDEDNESS.
QUESTION 4
QUESTION: READ THE FOLLOWING EXTRACT AND ANSWER THE QUESTIONS:

"HIS BIRTH EXCUSES PRIDE. HE IS THE BRAVEST OF THE BRAVE RACE OF MARWAR; HIS PLACE IS ON MY RIGHT HAND.

A. WHO IS 'HE'?

B. WHO IS THE SPEAKER?

C. IN WHAT CONTEXT IS THIS SAID?
ANSWER: A. HE IS JAIMALL.

B. RANA SANGA SAYS THIS OF JAIMALL.

C. THE RANI HAD COMPLAINED TO THE RANA ABOUT MIRABAI'S 'ARROGANT BEHAVIOUR'. BHOJRAJ AND JAIMALL WERE ALSO PRESENT. JAIMALL DEFENDED MIRABAI. THE RANI WAS EVEN MORE FURIOUS AND ASKED JAIMALL TO WITHDRAW, WHICH HE DID WITH DIGNITY AND PRIDE. NEEDLESS TO SAY THE RANI WAS INFURIATED FURTHER AND SPOKE HARSHLY OF JAIMALL.
QUESTION 5
QUESTION: READ THE FOLLOWING EXTRACT AND ANSWER THE QUESTIONS:

"AND YET NO ONE COULD SAY THAT YOU LACK SPIRIT, OR ARE QUITE CRUSHED BY WHAT SHE MADE YOU SUFFER.

A. WHO IS THE SPEAKER? WHO IS HE SPEAKING TO?

B. WHO IS 'SHE'?

C. WHY DOES THE RANA SAY THIS?
ANSWER: A. RANA SANGHA IS SPEAKING TO THE RANI.

B. 'SHE' IS THE RANI'S MOTHER-IN-LAW.

C. THE RANI EXPRESSED HER CONCERN AT MIRABAI'S ATTITUDE TO HER. SHE ADDED THAT WHEN, SHE THE RANI WAS YOUNG; SHE HAD SUFFERED GREATLY AT THE HANDS OF HER MOTHER-IN-LAW. THE RANA MAKES THIS HUMOUROUS REPLY.
QUESTION 6
QUESTION: READ THE FOLLOWING EXTRACT AND ANSWER THE QUESTIONS:

"MY FAITH IS MY OWN.

A. WHO SAYS THIS? WHO IS SHE ADDRESSING?

B. WHAT HAD THE RANA TOLD HER?

C. WHAT DOES THIS SHOW OF THE SPEAKER?
ANSWER: A. THIS IS SAID BY MIRABAI TO RANA SANGA.

B. THE RANA HAD ASKED HER TO WORSHIP THEIR FAMILY DEITY GODDESS DURGA INSTEAD OF LORD KRISHNA.

C. THIS SHOWS THAT MIRABAI WAS AN INDEPENDENT MINDED GIRL.
QUESTION 7
QUESTION: READ THE FOLLOWING EXTRACT AND ANSWER THE QUESTIONS:

"THAT'S TRUE ENOUGH, INSIDE THE PALACE AND OUT.

A. WHO SPEAKS THIS AND TO WHOM?

B. WHY DOES SHE SAY THIS?
ANSWER: A. MIRABAI'S OLD NURSE SAYS THIS TO SANJOGTA.

B. SANJOGTA SPEAKS OF DARK THUNDER THAT SHE CAN SEE. THE NURSE FEELS THAT THERE IS DARKNESS AND THUNDER INSIDE THE PALACE ALSO. SINCE MIRABAI IS CONFINED TO HER ROOM AND EVERYONE SEEMED TO BE PLOTTING AGAINST HER, THE ATMOSPHERE WITHIN THE PALACE SEEMED TO BE FULL OF FEAR AND TENSION.
QUESTION 8
QUESTION: READ THE FOLLOWING EXTRACT AND ANSWER THE QUESTIONS:

"MY WRETCHED CHILD, SHE WHOM I NURSED FROM BIRTH.. HOW THORNY IS THE PATH HER LITTLE FEET HAVE TROD TO MEWAR.

A. WHO IS THE WRETCHED CHILD?

B. WHY DOES THE NURSE CALL HER SO?

C. WHY DOES SHE CALL THE ROAD TO MEWAR ESPECIALLY 'THORNY'?
ANSWER: A. MIRABAI IS THE 'WRETCHED CHILD'.

B. MIRABAI HAD NO PEACE AT ALL. SHE WAS CONSTANTLY REPRIMANDED FOR HER UNFLINCHING DEVOTION TO LORD KRISHNA.

C. THIS IS SO BECAUSE MIRABAI IS FRIENDLESS IN THE HUGE PALACE. THE RANI HAD PLOTTED AGAINST HER AND ALL THE ATTENDANTS WANTED TO PLEASE THE RANI. THE OLD NURSE AND SANJOGTA WERE THE ONLY ONES WHO COULD BE TRUSTED.
QUESTION 9
QUESTION: READ THE FOLLOWING EXTRACT AND ANSWER THE QUESTIONS:

"I PAID IN FULL, WEIGHED TO THE UTMOST GRAIN,
MY LOVE, MY LIFE, MYSELF, MY SOUL, MY ALL.

A. TO WHOM ARE THESE LINES ADDRESSED?

B. WHAT DOES SHE MEAN?
ANSWER: A. THESE LINES ARE ADDRESSED TO LORD KRISHNA BY MIRABAI.

B. SHE HAS GONE THROUGH THE TEST OF DRINKING THE 'CHARNAMRIT' FOR DISOBEYING THE RANA'S ORDERS OF WORSHIPPING GODDESS DURGA. SHE TELLS HER LORD THAT SHE HAS PAID BY GIVING UP HERSELF, BODY AND SOUL FOR HER DEAR LORD.

MCQ’S

QUESTION 1
QUESTION: THE RANI IS UNHAPPY WITH MIRABAI BECAUSE
1. SHE DID NOT BRING A HANDSOME DOWRY
2. SHE DID NOT HELP IN THE HOUSEHOLD CHORES
3. SHE DID NOT WORSHIP GODDESS DURGA, THEIR DIETY
4. SHE IS MORE BEAUTIFUL THAN HER
ANSWER: 3
QUESTION 2
QUESTION: JAIMALL IS MIRABAI'S
1. FRIEND
2. BROTHER
3. COUSIN
4. BROTHER-IN-LAW
ANSWER: 3
QUESTION 3
QUESTION: SANJOGTA IS MIRABAI
1. SISTER
2. NURSE
3. COUSIN
4. ATTENDANT
ANSWER: 4
QUESTION 4
QUESTION: MIRABAI'S BEHAVIOUR SHOWS THAT SHE IS NOT _
1. INDEPENDENT
2. RESPECTFUL
3. HUMBLE
4. FEARFUL
ANSWER: 4
QUESTION 5
QUESTION: THE RULING DIETY OF THE HOUSE OF MEWAR IS
1. GODDESS LAXMI
2. GODDESS SARAWATI
3. GODDESS DURGA
4. LORD KRISHNA
ANSWER: 3
QUESTION 6
QUESTION: THE GOLDEN GOBLET CONTAINING CHARANAMRIT IS LACED WITH
1. ALCOHOL
2. TRANQUILIZER
3. POISON
4. MEDICINE
ANSWER: 3
QUESTION 7
QUESTION: THE RANA ADVICES MIRABAI TO GIVE UP
1. SINGING
2. BROODING
3. PRAYING
4. TALKING
ANSWER: 2
QUESTION 8
QUESTION: MIRABAI WAS IMPRISONED IN
1. A CELL
2. THE ATTIC
3. THE BASEMENT
4. HER ROOM
ANSWER: 4
QUESTION 9
QUESTION: ONE DAY THE QUEEN'S ATTENDANT COMES TO MIRABAI SAYING SHE HAD A MESSAGE FROM
1. THE QUEEN
2. RANA SANGHA
3. BHOJRAI
4. JAIMALL
ANSWER: 4
QUESTION 10
QUESTION: ON DRINKING THE CHARANAMRIT, MIRABAI
1. DIES
2. FAINTS
3. LIVES
4. FEELS SICK
ANSWER: 3


THE BISHOP’S CANDELSTICKS

SUMMARY

THE BISHOP'S CANDLESTICKS IS AN EXTREMELY MOVING STORY. THE PLAY IS BASED ON AN INCIDENT IN VICTOR HUGO'S NOVEL LES MISERABLES.
THE STORY REVOLVES AROUND 3 MAIN CHARACTERS. A BISHOP IS A NOBLE AND KIND HEARTED SOUL. HE DOES NOT MIND SELLING AWAY HIS SILVER TO PAY FOR A A POOR LADY'S HOUSE RENT. HE SEEMS TO HAVE QUITE A LARGE PART OF HIS SAVINGS SUCH CHARITY. THEY ARE NOW VERY POOR AND HAVE JUST A PAIR OF SILVER CANDLESTICKS LEFT.
THE BISHOP'S SISTER IS A TYPICAL PRACTICAL LADY. SHE IS WORRIED ABOUT THE FUTURE. THERE IS NOT MUCH MONEY LEFT WITH THE BISHOP. THE HOUSE IS RUNNING ON HER MONEY. SHE LEARNS THAT THE BISHOP HAS SOLD THE SILVER SALT AND PEPPER SHAKERS TO PAY THE HOUSE RENT OF POOR MERE GRINGOIRE. THIS UPSETS HER.
THEY HAVE HAD THEIR SUPPER AND SHE DECIDES TO RETIRE FOR THE NIGHT.
A CONVICT WALKS IN THROUGH THE OPEN DOORS. HE IS DESPERATE. HUNGRY AND HAVING ESCAPED FROM JAIL, THE CONVICT THREATENS TO KILL THE BISHOP.
THE BISHOP IS CALM AND CONTROLLED. HE OFFERS TO GIVE HIM SOME FOOD TO EAT. HE ALSO LISTENS TO HIS STORY. WE BEGIN TO UNDERSTAND THE GREAT HARDSHIPS BORNE BY THE CONVICT. HE HAD TO STEAL SOME BREAD TO FEED HIS AILING WIFE. HE WAS ARRESTED AND SENT TO JAIL. MEANWHILE HIS WIFE DIED. THE POOR MAN WAS TREATED CRUELLY IN JAIL. FINALLY ONE DAY HE ESCAPED FROM JAIL BUT WAS AGAIN UNABLE TO FIND ANY FOOD. THAT'S WHEN HE COMES TO THE BISHOP'S HOUSE.
THE BISHOP GIVES HIM FOOD TO EAT AND A PLACE TO SLEEP. THE CONVICT IS TOO TEMPTED BY THE SILVER CANDLE STICKS AND STEALS THEM.
THE SISTER IS EXTREMELY HURT AND OFFENDED BY THE CONVICTS BEHAVIOUR. THE CONVICT IS SEEN ROAMING AROUND SUSPICIOUSLY AND IS CAUGHT BY THE SERGEANT.
THE CONVICT IS BROUGHT BACK TO THE BISHOP'S HOUSE. THE BISHOP'S SISTER IN RELIEVED TO GET BACK THE SILVER CANDLESTICKS. BUT THE BISHOP TELLS THE SERGEANT THAT THEY WERE A GIFT FROM HIM TO THE CONVICT. HE GIVES THEM TO THE CONVICT AND SHOWS HIM A SAFE ESCAPE ROUTE.

QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS

QUESTION 1
QUESTION: WHO ARE MARIE AND PERSOME?
ANSWER: MARIE IS A YOUNG GIRL WHO COMES TO HELP IN THE HOUSEWORK. PERSOME IS THE BISHOP'S SISTER.
QUESTION 2
QUESTION: WHERE HAD THE BISHOP GONE? WHY WAS HE LATE FOR SUPPER?
ANSWER: THE BISHOP HAD GONE TO MARIE'S HOUSE TO LOOK UP HER MOTHER AS SHE WAS UNWELL.
QUESTION 3
QUESTION: WHAT HAD HAPPENED TO THE SALT CELLARS?
ANSWER: MERE GRINGOIRE WAS AN OLD LADY WHO WAS UNABLE TO PAY THE HOUSE RENT. THE BISHOP ASKED MARIE TO SELL THE SALT CELLAR FOR HIM. HE USED THE MONEY TO PAY OFF THE POOR WOMAN'S HOUSE RENT.
QUESTION 4
QUESTION: WHAT DID THE CONVICT FIRST ASK FOR?
ANSWER: HE ASKED FOR SOME FOOD.
QUESTION 5
QUESTION: WHAT DOES THE CONVICT TELL HIM ABOUT HIS LIFE BEFORE IMPRISONMENT?
ANSWER: HE HAD A COTTAGE WITH VINES GROWING. HE HAD A WIFE BUT SHE WAS ILL. THEY HAD A BAD YEAR AND THERE WAS NO FOOD TO EAT. HE HAD TO STEAL SOME FOOD FOR HER.
QUESTION 6
QUESTION: WHAT TREATMENT DID THE CONVICT RECEIVE IN PRISON?
ANSWER: THE CONVICT RECEIVED INHUMAN TREATMENT. THEY WHIPPED HIM, FED HIM WITH UNHEALTHY FOOD, MADE HIM SLEEP ON COLD HARD BOARDS.
QUESTION 7
QUESTION: WHAT EFFECT DID SUCH INHUMAN TREATMENT HAVE ON THE CONVICT?
ANSWER: THE CONVICT FELT HURT AND AFRAID. SOON THEY BROKE DOWN HIS SPIRIT. HE BECAME JUST A NUMBER AND FORGOT HIS EARLIER LIFE. HE EVEN LOST THE ABILITY TO PRAY, FOR HE SAYS, HE LOST HIS SOUL.
QUESTION 8
QUESTION: WHAT HAPPENED TO HIM AFTER HIS ESCAPE FROM JAIL?
ANSWER: THE WARDENS WERE LOOKING FOR HIM. HE HAD NOWHERE TO GO, NO FOOD TO EAT. HE EVEN HAD TO STEAL THE CLOTHES THAT HE WAS WEARING.
QUESTION 9
QUESTION: HOW DOES THE BISHOP AND PERSOME REACT WHEN THEY LEARN THAT THE CANDLESTICKS ARE STOLEN?
ANSWER: PERSOME REACTS VIOLENTLY. SHE SHOUTS AND IS VERY UPSET. THE BISHOP IS ALSO UPSET BUT HE BLAMES HIMSELF FOR EXPOSING THE CONVICT TO THE TEMPTATION.
QUESTION 10
QUESTION: WHAT DOES THE BISHOP TELL THE SERGEANT?
ANSWER: THE SERGEANT SEES THE CONVICT MOVING STEALTHILY AND ARRESTS HIM. HE BRINGS THE CONVICT ALONG WITH THE STOLEN CANDLESTICKS TO THE BISHOP'S HOUSE. BUT THE BISHOP TELLS HIM THAT THE CONVICT IS HIS FRIEND AND THE SILVER CANDLESTICKS WERE A GIFT FROM HIM.
QUESTION 11
QUESTION: WHAT SIGNIFICANT ROLE DID THE BISHOP'S CANDLESTICKS PLAY?
ANSWER: THE CANDLE STICKS WERE A DYING GIFT FROM THE BISHOP'S MOTHER. THEY REMINDED HIM OF HER. BUT WHEN THE CONVICT RECEIVED THEM AS A GIFT, THEY BECOME SYMBOLS OF HOPE AND LIFE. THE CONVICT WOULD NOW BELIEVE IN THE GOODNESS OF LIFE AND LEAD A STEADY LIFE

MCQ’S

QUESTION 1
QUESTION: THE BISHOP'S CANDLESTICK IS TAKEN FROM THE ORIGINAL PLAY
1. PRIDE AND PREJUDICE
2. LES MISERABLES
3. CRIME AND PUNISHMENT
4. THE CONVICT
ANSWER: 2
QUESTION 2
QUESTION: THE BISHOPS SISTER'S NAME IS
1. PATRICIA
2. SYLVIA
3. PERSOME
4. CATHERINE
ANSWER: 3
QUESTION 3
QUESTION: THE CONVICT WAS PUT INTO PRISON BECAUSE
1. HE DID NOT PAY HIS TAXES
2. HE STOLE SOME BREAD TO FEED HIS AILING WIFE
3. HE MURDERED HIS LANDLORD
4. HE WAS GUILTY OF TAKING A BRIBE
ANSWER: 2
QUESTION 4
QUESTION: THE CONVICT STEALS FROM THE BISHOP'S HOUSE
1. SILVER SALT AND PEPPER SHAKERS
2. SILVER COINS
3. SILVER PLATES
4. SILVER CANDLESTICKS
ANSWER: 4
QUESTION 5
QUESTION: THE BISHOP TELLS THE SERGENT THAT
1. THE CONVICT SHOULD BE ARRESTED
2. HE HAD GIVEN THE CANDLESTICKS AS A GIFT TO THE CONVICT
3. THE CONVICT STOLE MANY MORE THINGS FROM HIM
4. THE CONVICT WAS A DANGEROUS MAN
ANSWER: 2
QUESTION 6
QUESTION: THE BISHOP HELPS THE CONVICT BY
1. SHOWING HIM A SAFE ESCAPE ROUTE
2. ALLOWING HIM TO STAY IN HIS HOUSE
3. GIVING HIM A JOB
4. GIVING HIM MONEY
ANSWER: 1
QUESTION 7
QUESTION: THE CANDLESTICKS WERE GIVEN TO THE BISHOP BY
1. HIS MOTHER
2. HIS GRANDMOTHER
3. A FRIEND
4. AN ADMIRER
ANSWER: 1
QUESTION 8
QUESTION: THE LESSON TO BE LEARNT FROM THE PLAY IS
1. REWARD ALL CONVICTS
2. PUNISH ALL THIEVES
3. GOODNESS DWELLS IN THE HEART OF ALL HUMAN BEINGS
4. YOU GET WHAT YOU DESERVE
ANSWER: 3


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